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Interpreting Posterior Relative Risk Estimates in Disease-Mapping Studies
TLDR
The results show that Bayesian disease-mapping models are essentially conservative, with high specificity even in situations with very sparse data but low sensitivity if the raised-risk areas have only a moderate (< 2-fold) excess or are not based on substantial expected counts (> 50 per area). Expand
Spatial Epidemiology: Current Approaches and Future Challenges
TLDR
This work focuses on small-area analyses, encompassing disease mapping, geographic correlation studies, disease clusters, and clustering, and advances in geographic information systems, statistical methodology, and availability of high-resolution, geographically referenced health and environmental quality data. Expand
Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. II. All high power transmitters.
TLDR
The authors conclude that the results at most give no more than very weak support to the Sutton Coldfield findings on cancer incidence in Great Britain. Expand
Stroke Mortality Associated With Living Near Main Roads in England and Wales: A Geographical Study
TLDR
Living near main roads is associated with excess risk of mortality from stroke, and if causality were assumed, ≈990 stroke deaths per year would have been attributable to road traffic pollution. Expand
Risk of adverse birth outcomes in populations living near landfill sites
TLDR
The authors found small excess risks of congenital anomalies and low and very low birth weight in populations living near landfill sites and no causal mechanisms are available to explain these findings, and alternative explanations include data artefacts and residual confounding. Expand
Cancer incidence near municipal solid waste incinerators in Great Britain. Part 2: histopathological and case-note review of primary liver cancer cases
TLDR
The proportions of true primaries ranging between 55% and 82% give revised estimates of between 0.53 and 0.78 excess cases per 105 per year within 1 km of municipal incinerators. Expand
Temperature, housing, deprivation and their relationship to excess winter mortality in Great Britain, 1986-1996.
TLDR
Excess winter mortality continues to be an important public health problem in Great Britain and there was a strong inverse association with temperature and lack of central heating was associated with higher excess winter mortality. Expand
Cancer risks in populations living near landfill sites in Great Britain
TLDR
A large nationwide analysis of selected cancers near landfill sites in Great Britain found no excess risks of cancers of the bladder and brain, hepatobiliary cancer or leukaemia, in populations living within 2 km of landfill sites. Expand
Geographic density of landfill sites and risk of congenital anomalies in England
TLDR
There was a weak spatial association between risk of certain congenital anomalies and geographic density of special (hazardous) waste sites at the level of 5×5 km grid squares. Expand
Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. I. Sutton Coldfield transmitter.
TLDR
These findings appeared to be consistent over the periods 1974-1980, 1981-1986, and were probably largely independent of the initially reported cluster, which appeared to concern mainly a later period. Expand
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