• Publications
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Lipopenia and Skin Barrier Abnormalities in DGAT2-deficient Mice*
TLDR
Dgat2-deficient mice are lipopenic and die soon after birth, apparently from profound reductions in substrates for energy metabolism and from impaired permeability barrier function in the skin, supporting the hypothesis that the two enzymes play fundamentally different roles in mammalian triglyceride metabolism. Expand
Stratum corneum defensive functions: an integrated view.
  • P. Elias
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Journal of investigative dermatology
  • 1 August 2005
TLDR
The ways in which the multiple defensive functions of the SC are linked and interrelated, either by their shared localization or by common biochemical processes are explored; how they are co-regulated in response to specific stressors; and how alterations in one defensive function impact other protective functions. Expand
A Homolog of Drosophila grainy head Is Essential for Epidermal Integrity in Mice
TLDR
It is reported that formation and maintenance of the epidermal barrier in mice are dependent on a mammalian homolog of grainy head, Grainy head-like 3, which suggests that the functional mechanisms involving protein cross-linking that maintain the epidersmal barrier and induce tissue repair are conserved across 700 million years of evolution. Expand
Comprehensive analysis of the gene encoding filaggrin uncovers prevalent and rare mutations in ichthyosis vulgaris and atopic eczema
TLDR
It is shown that the common filaggrin (FLG) null mutations that cause ichthyosis vulgaris and predispose to eczema and secondary allergic diseases are ancestral variants carried on conserved haplotypes, and a strategy for full sequencing of this large, highly repetitive gene is reported. Expand
Structural and lipid biochemical correlates of the epidermal permeability barrier.
TLDR
Further elucidation of the molecular architecture and interactions of lipid and nonlipid components of the stratum corneum intercellular domains will be a prerequisite for a comprehensive understanding of stratum Corneum function. Expand
Spink5-deficient mice mimic Netherton syndrome through degradation of desmoglein 1 by epidermal protease hyperactivity
TLDR
This work identifies LEKTI as a key regulator of epidermal protease activity and degradation of desmoglein 1 as the primary pathogenic event in Netherton syndrome. Expand
The skin barrier as an innate immune element
  • P. Elias
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Seminars in Immunopathology
  • 30 March 2007
TLDR
Permeability and antimicrobial function are both co-regulated and interdependent, overlapping through the dual activities of their lipid/protein constituents, and the key role of epithelial structure in antimicrobial defense is emphasized. Expand
Ionic calcium reservoirs in mammalian epidermis: ultrastructural localization by ion-capture cytochemistry.
TLDR
The striking intercellular Ca++ accumulation in the mid granular layer, coupled with Ca++ influx in the upper granular layers, supports the view that changes in intracellular Ca++ may regulate epidermal differentiation and suggests that divalent cations may contribute to both lamellar body secretion and to the formation of intercorneocyte membrane bilayers. Expand
pH directly regulates epidermal permeability barrier homeostasis, and stratum corneum integrity/cohesion.
TLDR
It is demonstrated unequivocally that stratum corneum neutralization alone provokes stratumCorneum functional abnormalities, including aberrant permeability barrier homeostasis and decreased stratum Corneum integrity/cohesion, as well as the mechanisms responsible for these abnormalities. Expand
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-2 gene expression is required for lipid synthesis during early skin and liver development.
TLDR
Results indicate that, although SCD1 expression is important in adult mice, SCD2 is crucial in the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids that are required for maintaining normal epidermal permeability barrier function and biosynthesis of lipids during early skin and liver development. Expand
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