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Mapping the moral domain.
TLDR
The Moral Foundations Questionnaire is developed on the basis of a theoretical model of 5 universally available (but variably developed) sets of moral intuitions and convergent/discriminant validity evidence suggests that moral concerns predict personality features and social group attitudes not previously considered morally relevant.
Motivated Skepticism: Use of Differential Decision Criteria for Preferred and Nonpreferred Conclusions
Three experiments show that information consistent with a preferred conclusion is examined less critically than information inconsistent with a preferred conclusion, and consequently, less
Understanding Libertarian Morality: The Psychological Dispositions of Self-Identified Libertarians
TLDR
Across 16 measures in a large web-based sample that included 11,994 self-identified libertarians, libertarian values showed convergent relationships with libertarian emotional dispositions and social preferences, adding to a growing recognition of the role of personality differences in the organization of political attitudes.
Advance directives as acts of communication: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
The results challenge current policy and law advocating instructional advance directives as a means of honoring specific patient wishes at the end of life and suggest other methods of improving surrogate decision making should be explored.
Motivated sensitivity to preference-inconsistent information.
If preference-inconsistent information initiates more effortful cognitive analysis than does preference-consistent information, then people should be more sensitive processors of information they do
Biased Assimilation, Attitude Polarization, and Affect in Reactions to Stereotype-Relevant Scientific Information
Two studies examined (a) whether biased assimilation and attitude polarization occur in the processing of stereotype-relevant scientific information and (b) the role of affect in these processes. In
Micromanaging death: process preferences, values, and goals in end-of-life medical decision making.
TLDR
Patients' and surrogates' attitudes about using advance directives to manage end-of-life medical care and process preferences are examined, finding patient autonomy may be better served by emphasizing discussion of process preferences and leeway in decision making.
Visceral Influences on Risk-Taking Behavior.
Visceral cues indicating proximity to objects of desire can lead people to be disproportionately influenced by the anticipated rewards of immediate gratification rather than the risks of consummatory
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