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Biological, Epidemiological, and Clinical Aspects of Echinococcosis, a Zoonosis of Increasing Concern
TLDR
Various aspects of human echinococcosis are discussed in this review, including data on the infectivity of genetic variants of E. granulosus to humans, the increasing invasion of cities in Europe and Japan by red foxes, the main definitive hosts ofE. Expand
Zoonotic Potential of the Microsporidia
TLDR
Vertebrate hosts are now identified for all four major microsporidial species infecting humans (E. bieneusi and the three Encephalitozoon spp.), implying a zoonotic nature of these parasites. Expand
Global Socioeconomic Impact of Cystic Echinococcosis
Because the human and economic losses of cystic echinococcosis are substantial, global prevention and control measures should be increased.
The genomes of four tapeworm species reveal adaptations to parasitism
TLDR
An analysis of tapeworm genome sequences using the human-infective species Echinococcus multilocularis, E. granulosus, Taenia solium and the laboratory model Hymenolepis microstoma offers insights into the evolution of parasitism and identifies new potential drug targets. Expand
Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis.
TLDR
This chapter presents the global distribution of Echinococcus species and human AE and CE in maps and summarizes the global data on host assemblages, transmission, prevalence in animal definitive hosts, incidence in people and molecular epidemiology. Expand
Identification of taeniid eggs in the faeces from carnivores based on multiplex PCR using targets in mitochondrial DNA
TLDR
Having been validated using a panel of well-defined samples from carnivores with known infection status, this approach proved to be useful for the identification of taeniid eggs from both individual animals and for epidemiological studies. Expand
Human Alveolar Echinococcosis after Fox Population Increase, Switzerland
An increase in fox population has led to an increase in incidence of human alveolar echinococcosis.
High prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in urban red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and voles (Arvicola terrestris) in the city of Zürich, Switzerland
TLDR
Seasonal differences in the prevalence of E. multilocularis were only found in urban subadult male foxes which were significantly less frequently infected in summer than in winter, whereas prevalence rates of other helminths were similar in both areas. Expand
Wilderness in the city: the urbanization of Echinococcus multilocularis.
TLDR
Novel tools have facilitated the investigation of the ecology of urban foxes and have demonstrated the urban wildlife cycle of E. multilocularis, the aetiological agent of human alveolar echinococcosis. Expand
Estimating the true prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in cattle slaughtered in Switzerland in the absence of an absolute diagnostic test.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis is higher than previously thought due to the low sensitivity of meat inspection and that traditional coproscopy can be very efficient if there is repeated sampling, resulting in sensitivity of approximately 92%. Expand
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