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Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
TLDR
It is concluded that global resources to counter disease emergence are poorly allocated, with the majority of the scientific and surveillance effort focused on countries from where the next important EID is least likely to originate.
Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health.
TLDR
These phenomena have two major biological implications: many wildlife species are reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health; second, wildlife EIDs pose a substantial threat to the conservation of global biodiversity.
Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America.
TLDR
Experimental data support the conclusion that cutaneous chytridiomycosis is a fatal disease of anurans, and it is hypothesize that it is the proximate cause of these recent amphibian declines.
Bats Are Natural Reservoirs of SARS-Like Coronaviruses
TLDR
It is reported that species of bats are a natural host of coronaviruses closely related to those responsible for the SARS outbreak, and these viruses display greater genetic variation than SARS-CoV isolated from humans or from civets.
Isolation and characterization of a bat SARS-like coronavirus that uses the ACE2 receptor
TLDR
These results provide the strongest evidence to date that Chinese horseshoe bats are natural reservoirs of SARS-CoV, and that intermediate hosts may not be necessary for direct human infection by some bat SL-CoVs, and highlight the importance of pathogen-discovery programs targeting high-risk wildlife groups in emerging disease hotspots.
Emerging infectious diseases and amphibian population declines.
TLDR
The role of these diseases in the global decline of amphibian populations is examined and hypotheses for the origins and impact of these panzootics are proposed.
Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases
TLDR
Overall, despite many remaining questions, current evidence indicates that preserving intact ecosystems and their endemic biodiversity should generally reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases.
Predicting the global spread of H5N1 avian influenza
TLDR
H5N1 is more likely to be introduced into the Western Hemisphere through infected poultry and into the mainland United States by subsequent movement of migrating birds from neighboring countries, rather than from eastern Siberia.
Host heterogeneity dominates West Nile virus transmission
TLDR
It is shown that transmission of West Nile virus (WNV) is dominated by extreme heterogeneity in the host community, resulting in highly inflated reproductive ratios and the importance of determining contact rates between vectors and host species to understand pathogen transmission dynamics.
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