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Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny
TLDR
It is indicated that there may have been at least four independent losses of the flagellum in the kingdom Fungi, and the enigmatic microsporidia seem to be derived from an endoparasitic chytrid ancestor similar to Rozella allomycis, on the earliest diverging branch of the fungal phylogenetic tree.
MycoBank: an online initiative to launch mycology into the 21st century
TLDR
An on-line database, MycoBank, is launched with a remit to document mycological nomenclatural novelties and their associated descriptions and illustrations, where they will further be linked to other databases to realise a species bank that eventually links all databases of life.
Phylogenetic lineages in the Botryosphaeriaceae
TLDR
DNA sequence data of the 28S rDNA is employed to resolve apparent lineages within the Botryosphaeriaceae and 10 lineages are recognised, including an unresolved clade including species of Camarosporium/Microdiplodia.
The Colletotrichum acutatum species complex
TLDR
Multilocus molecular phylogenetic analysis of 331 strains previously identified as C. acutatum and other related taxa, including strains from numerous hosts with wide geographic distributions, confirmed the molecular groups previously recognised and identified a series of novel taxa.
The Botryosphaeriaceae: genera and species known from culture
TLDR
It seems likely that all of the older taxa linked to the Botryosphaeriaceae, and for which cultures or DNA sequence data are not available, cannot belinked to the species in this family that are known from culture, and will have to be disregarded for future use unless they are epitypified.
Diaporthe: a genus of endophytic, saprobic and plant pathogenic fungi
TLDR
Several taxa of Diaporthe are confirmed to have wide host ranges, suggesting that they move freely among hosts, frequently co-colonising diseased or dead tissue.
Colletotrichum species with curved conidia from herbaceous hosts
TLDR
A multilocus molecular phylogenetic analysis of 97 isolates of C. Dematium and other Colletotrichum species with curved conidia from herbaceous hosts resulted in 20 clades, with 12 clades containing strains that had previously been identified as C. dematium.
Combined multiple gene genealogies and phenotypic characters differentiate several species previously identified as Botryosphaeria dothidea.
TLDR
A combined phylogeny of the three gene regions used in this study showed that the genus Botryosphaeria represents two distinct phylogenetic assemblages that correspond to species with Diplodia and Fusicoccum anamorphs.
Highlights of the Didymellaceae: A polyphasic approach to characterise Phoma and related pleosporalean genera
TLDR
The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the current Boeremaean subdivision is incorrect from an evolutionary point of view, revealing the genus Phoma to be highly polyphyletic.
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