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The Chironomidae: the biology and ecology of non-biting midges.
This work presents chironomids as indicators of past environmental change as well as their interactions with humans, and their role as food and behaviour in the life cycles and population dynamics of adults.
The Insects - An Outline of Entomology
The Antiquity of Insects, the Evolution of Metamorphosis, and Insect Relationships: Phylogenetics, Biogeography and Evolution.
COULD A CLADOGRAM THIS SHORT HAVE ARISEN BY CHANCE ALONE?: ON PERMUTATION TESTS FOR CLADISTIC STRUCTURE
A means of quantitative evaluation is presented based on tree length of the most parsimonious tree reflects the degree to which the observed characters co‐vary such that a single tree topology can explain shared character states among the taxa.
A dated molecular phylogeny for the Chironomidae (Diptera)
We provide the first highly sampled phylogeny estimate for the dipteran family Chironomidae using molecular data from fragments of two ribosomal genes (18S and 28S), one nuclear protein‐coding gene…
Midges (Chironomidae, Ceratopogonidae, Chaoboridae) as a temperature proxy: a training set from Tasmania, Australia
Chironomid and ceratopogonid head capsules, along with Chaoborus mandibles, were used to model mean temperature of the warmest quarter (TWARM) in Tasmania. Our transfer function is based on midge…
The adult males of Orthocladiinae of the Holarctic Region. Keys and diagnoses
- P. Cranston
Additions and corrections to the Nearctic Orthocladiinae (Diptera: Chironomidae)
Five new species, Apometriocnemus beringensis , Cricotopus (Cricotopus) bifurcatus , Doithrix dillonae , Hydrobaenus piloculus , and Paratrissocladius lawrencensis , are described. The following new…
‘Direct PCR’ optimization yields a rapid, cost‐effective, nondestructive and efficient method for obtaining DNA barcodes without DNA extraction
- W. Wong, Y. C. Tay, J. Puniamoorthy, M. Balke, P. Cranston, R. Meier
- BiologyMolecular ecology resources
- 1 November 2014
It is demonstrated how direct PCR can be optimized for the larvae and adults of nonbiting midges (Diptera: Chironomidae), a typical invertebrate group that is abundant, contains important bioindicator species, but is difficult to identify based on morphological features.
A key to the larvae of the British Orthocladiinae (Chironomidae)
- P. Cranston
- 1 August 1983