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A Versatile Viral System for Expression and Depletion of Proteins in Mammalian Cells
The ability to express or deplete proteins in living cells is crucial for the study of biological processes. Viral vectors are often useful to deliver DNA constructs to cells that are difficult to… Expand
XPD Helicase Structures and Activities: Insights into the Cancer and Aging Phenotypes from XPD Mutations
Mutations in XPD helicase, required for nucleotide excision repair (NER) as part of the transcription/repair complex TFIIH, cause three distinct phenotypes: cancer-prone xeroderma pigmentosum (XP),… Expand
Human Flap Endonuclease Structures, DNA Double-Base Flipping, and a Unified Understanding of the FEN1 Superfamily
Flap endonuclease (FEN1), essential for DNA replication and repair, removes RNA and DNA 5' flaps. FEN1 5' nuclease superfamily members acting in nucleotide excision repair (XPG), mismatch repair… Expand
Recognition of RNA polymerase II and transcription bubbles by XPG, CSB, and TFIIH: insights for transcription-coupled repair and Cockayne Syndrome.
Loss of a nonenzymatic function of XPG results in defective transcription-coupled repair (TCR), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and early death, but the molecular basis for these phenotypes is unknown.… Expand
Non-random distribution of DNA double-strand breaks induced by particle irradiation.
- M. Löbrich, P. Cooper, B. Rydberg
- Chemistry, Medicine
- International journal of radiation biology
- 1 November 1996
Induction of DNA double-strand breaks (dsbs) in mammalian cells is dependent on the spatial distribution of energy deposition from the ionizing radiation. For high LET particle radiations the primary… Expand
Conserved XPB core structure and motifs for DNA unwinding: implications for pathway selection of transcription or excision repair.
- L. Fan, A. S. Arvai, P. Cooper, S. Iwai, F. Hanaoka, J. Tainer
- Biology, Medicine
- Molecular cell
- 7 April 2006
The human xeroderma pigmentosum group B (XPB) helicase is essential for transcription, nucleotide excision repair, and TFIIH functional assembly. Here, we determined crystal structures of an… Expand
WRN exonuclease structure and molecular mechanism imply an editing role in DNA end processing
- J. Perry, S. M. Yannone, +6 authors J. Tainer
- Medicine, Biology
- Nature Structural &Molecular Biology
- 14 May 2006
WRN is unique among the five human RecQ DNA helicases in having a functional exonuclease domain (WRN-exo) and being defective in the premature aging and cancer-related disorder Werner syndrome. Here,… Expand
Repair of x-ray-induced DNA double-strand breaks in specific Not I restriction fragments in human fibroblasts: joining of correct and incorrect ends.
- M. Löbrich, B. Rydberg, P. Cooper
- Biology, Medicine
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 19 December 1995
An assay that allows measurement of absolute induction frequencies for DNA double-strand breaks (dsbs) in defined regions of the genome and that quantitates rejoining of correct DNA ends has been… Expand
The Single-Strand DNA Binding Activity of Human PC4 Prevents Mutagenesis and Killing by Oxidative DNA Damage
- Jen-Yeu Wang, A. H. Sarker, P. Cooper, M. Volkert
- Medicine, Biology
- Molecular and Cellular Biology
- 1 February 2004
ABSTRACT Human positive cofactor 4 (PC4) is a transcriptional coactivator with a highly conserved single-strand DNA (ssDNA) binding domain of unknown function. We identified PC4 as a suppressor of… Expand
Defective Transcription-Coupled Repair of Oxidative Base Damage in Cockayne Syndrome Patients from XP Group G
In normal human cells, damage due to ultraviolet light is preferentially removed from active genes by nucleotide excision repair (NER) in a transcription-coupled repair (TCR) process that requires… Expand