Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics consensus statement on the scope and appropriate use of the term probiotic
An expert panel was convened in October 2013 by the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) to discuss the field of probiotics and the appropriate use and scope of the term probiotic.
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation, and inflammatory diseases.
- P. Calder
- BiologyAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
- 1 June 2006
At sufficiently high intakes, long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), as found in oily fish and fish oils, decrease the production of inflammatory eicosanoids, cytokines, and reactive oxygen species and the expression of adhesion molecules, and are potentially potent antiinflammatory agents.
ESPEN guideline on clinical nutrition in the intensive care unit.
Marine omega-3 fatty acids and inflammatory processes: Effects, mechanisms and clinical relevance.
- P. Calder
- BiologyBiochimica et Biophysica Acta
- 1 April 2015
Conversion of alpha-linolenic acid to longer-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human adults.
Stable isotope tracer studies indicate that conversion of alphaLNA to EPA occurs but is limited in men and that further transformation to DHA is very low, and capacity to up-regulatealphaLNA conversion in women may be important for meeting the demands of the fetus and neonate for DHA.
ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: intensive care.
Mechanisms of action of (n-3) fatty acids.
- P. Calder
- BiologyJournal of NutriLife
- 1 March 2012
The very long-chain (n-3) PUFA have a range of physiological roles that relate to optimal cell membrane structure and optimal cell function and responses, and play a key role in preventing, and perhaps treating, many conditions of poor health and well-being.
Dietary factors and low-grade inflammation in relation to overweight and obesity
- P. Calder, N. Ahluwalia, B. Winklhofer-Roob
- Medicine, BiologyBritish Journal of Nutrition
- 1 December 2011
Potential mechanisms are described and research gaps, which limit the understanding of the interaction between diet and postprandial and chronic low-grade inflammation, are identified.
Protein intake and exercise for optimal muscle function with aging: recommendations from the ESPEN Expert Group.