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An updated digital model of plate boundaries
[1] A global set of present plate boundaries on the Earth is presented in digital form. Most come from sources in the literature. A few boundaries are newly interpreted from topography, volcanism,Expand
Continental delamination and the Colorado Plateau
Continental lithosphere is in unstable mechanical equilibrium because its mantle layer is denser than the asthenosphere. If any process such as cracking, slumping, or plume erosion initially providedExpand
Plate-Tectonic Analysis of Shallow Seismicity: Apparent Boundary Width, Beta, Corner Magnitude, Coupled Lithosphere Thickness, and Coupling in Seven Tectonic Settings
A new plate model is used to analyze the mean seismicities of seven types of plate boundary (crb, continental rift boundary; ctf, continental transform fault; ccb, continental convergent boundary;Expand
Lateral extrusion of lower crust from under high topography
Where there is isostasy, the rocks of the lower continental crust are subject to an effective lateral pressure gradient equal to the gradient of topographic load, whether compensation is in crustalExpand
Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast, Version 3 (UCERF3)—The Time‐Independent Model
The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities (WGCEP14) present the time‐independent component of the Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast, Version 3 (UCERF3), whichExpand
Initiation of intracontinental subduction in the Himalaya
Independent arguments based on topographic stress and crustal strength give upper limits of 200 bars and 300 bars, respectively, for the average shear stress on the intracontinental thrust fault thatExpand
Formation of the Rocky Mountains, Western United States: A Continuum Computer Model
  • P. Bird
  • Geology, Medicine
  • Science
  • 25 March 1988
A new proposal that arises from this simulation is that horizontal subduction also caused the subsequent extensional Basin-and-Range taphrogeny by stripping away the mantle lithosphere so that the crust was exposed to hot asthenosphere after the oceanic slab dropped away. Expand
Computer simulations of California tectonics confirm very low strength of major faults
Recent improvements in the technique of modeling fault networks with thin-plate finite elements yield full convergence of the solutions, without any compromise in the representation of the frictionalExpand
Laramide crustal thickening event in the Rocky Mountain Foreland and Great Plains
The Rocky Mountain foreland and Great Plains of the western United States were formerly part of a continental platform, adjusted by erosion and deposition in Cambrian through Jurassic time to nearExpand
Kinematic history of the Laramide orogeny in latitudes 35°–49°N, western United States
The kinematic history of the Rocky Mountain foreland and adjacent areas is computed back to 85 Ma, using virtually all the structural, paleomagnetic, and stress data in the literature. A continuousExpand