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A multicenter risk index for atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.
TLDR
The findings suggest that treatment with beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may offer protection in patients at risk for atrial fibrillation after CABG surgery.
A multicenter risk index for atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.
TLDR
The findings suggest that treatment with β-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may offer protection in patients at risk for atrial fibrillation after CABG surgery.
Oral cocaine: plasma concentrations and central effects.
TLDR
Cocaine (2.0 milligrams per kilogram) given by the oral route is at least as effective as the same dose given intranasally, and the subjective "highs" in man are greater after oral than after intranASal administration.
Scientific Principles and Clinical Implications of Perioperative Glucose Regulation and Control
TLDR
Until further specific data are accumulated, it is prudent to maintain glucose levels <180 mg/dL in the perioperative period, and glycemic control should always be accompanied by close glucose monitoring, as well as appreciate technical nuances of various glucose measurement techniques.
Intranasal and oral cocaine kinetics
TLDR
There was a linear increase in AUC with increasing intranasal dose, and the relative bioavailability [as determined by the area under the concentration‐time curve (AUC)] for the 2.0‐mg/kg dose by the intran asal and oral routes was not different.
Mechanical deterioration underlies malignant behavior of aneurysmal human ascending aorta.
TLDR
The mechanical properties of the aneurysmal aortas deteriorate dramatically as the aorta enlarges, reaching critical levels associated with rupture by a diameter of 6 cm, and this mechanical deterioration provides an explanation in engineering terms for the malignant clinical behavior (rupture and dissection) of the aorts at these dimensions.
Lack of Effectiveness of the Pulmonary Artery Catheter in Cardiac Surgery
TLDR
Use of a PAC during CABG surgery was associated with increased mortality and a higher risk of severe end-organ complications in this propensity-matched observational study.
The adult respiratory distress syndrome.
The adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) represents a common denominator of acute lung injury leading to alveolar flooding, decreased lung compliance, and altered gas transport. In the absence
Cocaine: plasma concentrations after intranasal application in man.
TLDR
In that residual cocaine was detectable on the nasal mucosa for 3 hours, continuous absorption secondary to its vasoconstrictive action might explain its persistence in the plasma.
Resident Teaching Versus the Operating Room Schedule: An Independent Observer-Based Study of 1558 Cases
TLDR
It is concluded that teaching occurs in the majority of cases in the operating room and although it contributes to increased time to incision, this increase is insignificant compared with the time required to complete the surgical procedure.
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