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Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation.
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, we review research on the nature of psychological aging in terms of seven propositions. Second, we present a psychological model for the study ofExpand
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Theoretical propositions of life-span developmental psychology : On the dynamics between growth and decline
Life-span developmental psychology involves the study of constancy and change in behavior throughout the life course. One aspect of life-span research has been the advancement of a more general,Expand
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  • Open Access
On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.
  • P. Baltes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1 April 1997
Drawing on both evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives, the basic biological-genetic and social-cultural architecture of human development is outlined. Three principles are involved. First,Expand
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  • Open Access
Life-management strategies of selection, optimization, and compensation: measurement by self-report and construct validity.
The authors examined the usefulness of a self-report measure for elective selection, loss-based selection. optimization, and compensation (SOC) as strategies of life management. The expected 4-factorExpand
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Wisdom. A metaheuristic (pragmatic) to orchestrate mind and virtue toward excellence.
The primary focus of this article is on the presentation of wisdom research conducted under the heading of the Berlin wisdom paradigm. Informed by a cultural-historical analysis, wisdom in thisExpand
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  • Open Access
New Frontiers in the Future of Aging: From Successful Aging of the Young Old to the Dilemmas of the Fourth Age
We review research findings on the oldest old that demonstrate that the fourth age entails a level of biocultural incompleteness, vulnerability and unpredictability that is distinct from the positiveExpand
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Emergence of a powerful connection between sensory and cognitive functions across the adult life span: a new window to the study of cognitive aging?
Six hundred eighty seven individuals ages 25-103 years were studied cross-sectionally to examine the relationship between measures of sensory functioning (visual and auditory acuity) and intelligenceExpand
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  • Open Access
Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences
Foreword Preface 1. Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the model of selective optimization with compensation 2. Medical perspectives upon successful aging 3. Successful aging in aExpand
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  • Open Access
Sensory functioning and intelligence in old age: a strong connection.
Relations among age, sensory functioning (i.e., visual and auditory acuity), and intelligence were examined in a heterogeneous, age-stratified sample of old and very old individuals (N = 156, M age =Expand
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Lifespan psychology: theory and application to intellectual functioning.
The focus of this review is on theory and research of lifespan (lifespan developmental) psychology. The theoretical analysis integrates evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives on cultural and humanExpand
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  • Open Access