Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation.
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, we review research on the nature of psychological aging in terms of seven propositions. Second, we present a psychological model for the study of…
Theoretical propositions of life-span developmental psychology : On the dynamics between growth and decline
- P. Baltes
- 1 September 1987
Life-span developmental psychology involves the study of constancy and change in behavior throughout the life course. One aspect of life-span research has been the advancement of a more general,…
On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.
- P. Baltes
- BiologyAmerican Psychologist
Drawing on both evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives, the basic biological-genetic and social-cultural architecture of human development is outlined, suggesting that the life span architecture becomes more and more incomplete with age.
Wisdom. A metaheuristic (pragmatic) to orchestrate mind and virtue toward excellence.
The authors conclude with a new theoretical perspective that characterizes wisdom as a cognitive and motivational metaheuristic (pragmatic) that organizes and orchestrates knowledge toward human excellence in mind and virtue, both individually and collectively.
Life-management strategies of selection, optimization, and compensation: measurement by self-report and construct validity.
As expected, middle-aged adults showed higher endorsement of SOC than younger and older adults and SOC evinced positive correlations with measures of well-being which were maintained after other personality and motivational constructs were controlled for.
Emergence of a powerful connection between sensory and cognitive functions across the adult life span: a new window to the study of cognitive aging?
It is argued that the increase in the age-associated link between sensory and intellectual functioning may reflect brain aging and that the search for explanations of cognitive aging phenomena would benefit from attending to factors that are shared between the 2 domains.
New Frontiers in the Future of Aging: From Successful Aging of the Young Old to the Dilemmas of the Fourth Age
We review research findings on the oldest old that demonstrate that the fourth age entails a level of biocultural incompleteness, vulnerability and unpredictability that is distinct from the positive…
Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences
Foreword Preface 1. Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the model of selective optimization with compensation 2. Medical perspectives upon successful aging 3. Successful aging in a…
Lifespan psychology: theory and application to intellectual functioning.
A meta-theory of development is outlined that is based on the orchestrated and adaptive interplay between three processes of behavioral regulation: selection, optimization, and compensation about the general nature of lifespan development.
Life Span Theory in Developmental Psychology
Lifespan developmental psychology is an overarching framework, which considers the study of individual development (ontogenesis) from conception into old age. Efforts are made to highlight the…