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Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation.
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, we review research on the nature of psychological aging in terms of seven propositions. Second, we present a psychological model for the study of… Expand
Theoretical propositions of life-span developmental psychology : On the dynamics between growth and decline
- P. Baltes
- 1 September 1987
Life-span developmental psychology involves the study of constancy and change in behavior throughout the life course. One aspect of life-span research has been the advancement of a more general,… Expand
On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.
- P. Baltes
- The American psychologist
Drawing on both evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives, the basic biological-genetic and social-cultural architecture of human development is outlined, suggesting that the life span architecture becomes more and more incomplete with age. Expand
Life-management strategies of selection, optimization, and compensation: measurement by self-report and construct validity.
As expected, middle-aged adults showed higher endorsement of SOC than younger and older adults and SOC evinced positive correlations with measures of well-being which were maintained after other personality and motivational constructs were controlled for. Expand
Wisdom. A metaheuristic (pragmatic) to orchestrate mind and virtue toward excellence.
The authors conclude with a new theoretical perspective that characterizes wisdom as a cognitive and motivational metaheuristic (pragmatic) that organizes and orchestrates knowledge toward human excellence in mind and virtue, both individually and collectively. Expand
New Frontiers in the Future of Aging: From Successful Aging of the Young Old to the Dilemmas of the Fourth Age
We review research findings on the oldest old that demonstrate that the fourth age entails a level of biocultural incompleteness, vulnerability and unpredictability that is distinct from the positive… Expand
Emergence of a powerful connection between sensory and cognitive functions across the adult life span: a new window to the study of cognitive aging?
It is argued that the increase in the age-associated link between sensory and intellectual functioning may reflect brain aging and that the search for explanations of cognitive aging phenomena would benefit from attending to factors that are shared between the 2 domains. Expand
Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences
Foreword Preface 1. Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the model of selective optimization with compensation 2. Medical perspectives upon successful aging 3. Successful aging in a… Expand
Sensory functioning and intelligence in old age: a strong connection.
Results suggest that sensory functioning is a strong late-life predictor of individual differences in intellectual functioning, and the possibility that visual and sensory acuity are indicators of the physiological integrity of the aging brain (common cause hypothesis). Expand
Lifespan psychology: theory and application to intellectual functioning.
A meta-theory of development is outlined that is based on the orchestrated and adaptive interplay between three processes of behavioral regulation: selection, optimization, and compensation about the general nature of lifespan development. Expand