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Electrotactile and vibrotactile displays for sensory substitution systems
- K. Kaczmarek, J. Webster, P. Bach-y-Rita, W. Tompkins
- BiologyIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
The authors review the methods used to present visual, auditory, and modified tactile information to the skin and discuss present and potential future applications of sensory substitution, including tactile vision substitution (TVS), tactile auditory substitution, and remote tactile sensing or feedback (teletouch).
Sensory substitution and the human–machine interface
Vision Substitution by Tactile Image Projection
WE describe here a vision substitution system which is being developed as a practical aid for the blind and as a means of studying the processing of afferent information in the central nervous…
Form perception with a 49-point electrotactile stimulus array on the tongue: a technical note.
- P. Bach-y-Rita, K. Kaczmarek, M. Tyler, J. García‐Lara
- MedicineJournal of rehabilitation research and…
- 1 October 1998
The goal is to develop a practical, cosmetically acceptable, wireless system for blind persons, with a miniature TV camera, microelectronics, and FM transmitter built into a pair of glasses, and the electrotactile array in a dental orthodontic retainer.
Reconsidering the motor recovery plateau in stroke rehabilitation.
Brain plasticity as a basis of the development of rehabilitation procedures for hemiplegia.
- P. Bach-y-Rita
- MedicineScandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine
Tactile Sensory Substitution Studies
- P. Bach-y-Rita
- MedicineAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
- 1 May 2004
In this short report, only two substitution systems are discussed, vision and vestibular substitution and the brain‐machine interface (BMI).
Brain plasticity: ‘visual’ acuity of blind persons via the tongue
In Vivo Studies on Fast and Slow Muscle Fibers in Cat Extraocular Muscles
In anesthetized in vivo preparations, responses of two types of extraocular muscle fibers have been studied. The small, multiply innervated slow fibers have been shown to be capable of producing…