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Use of irradiated pupae to mass culture the microhymenopterous pupal parasitoid Spalangia endius Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). I. Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae)
A technique using 50 kR gamma irradiation on 2-day-old Musca domestica L. pupae was developed to allow for up to 8 weeks of storage at 4.4 ± 0.5°C and 70 ± 5% RH. These pupae can be used to supplem...
Genetics of house flies. Variability studies with North Dakota, Texas, and Florida populations.
The data suggest that house fly strains to be employed in genetic control programs should originate from target control areas to avoid possible behavioral differences existing among flies from different locales, be initiated with as many flies as possible to provide a background for the maintenance of variability, and be renewed periodically with field-collected material since the genotype may be capable of rapid reorganization in response to laboratory selection pressures. Expand
Mass Culturing the Microhymenopteran Parasite Spalangia Endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)
A procedure is described for mass culturing the microhymenopteran parasite Spalangia endius Walker, which insures the production of about 1,000,000 parasites/colony cage per 7 days. Expand
Evaluation of sequential releases of Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for control of house flies and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) associated with confined livestock in eastern
The pteromalid wasp Spalangia endius Walker was released on two eastern Nebraska livestock feedlots for the control of house flies and stable flies and was ineffective in controlling house fly and stable fly populations under the conditions imposed and at the numbers released. Expand
Programmed Releases of Spalangia Endius and Muscidifurax Raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) against Estimated Populations of Musca Domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)
Augmentative releases of Muscidifurax raptor and Spalangia endius at an installation of caged laying hens in north Florida demonstrated that M. raptor does not seek Musca domestica host pupae beneathExpand
Sustained releases of Spalangia endius Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for the control of Musca domestica L. and Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae).
It is shown that sustained releases of Spalangia endius Walker can effectively control populations of Musca domestica L. (house fly) and Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (stable fly) at commercial poultry and dairy installations. Expand
Sustained releases of Spalangia endius to parasitize field populations of three species of filth breeding flies.
Spalangia endius Walker was released weekly for 13 wk against a mixed population of filth breeding field flies. Within 10 wk after initiation of the releases at a feeding station in a 44-acreExpand
Description and biology of Trichopria painteri n.sp. (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae), a solitary parasitoid of Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) from Harare, Zimbabwe
Although its low level of parasitism would require augmentative releases of T. painteri, this parasitoid could reduce isolated field populations of S.calcitrans to an acceptable level within several weeks. Expand
Effect of aging and population density on wing fragmentation in house flies.
  • P. B. Morgan
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of economic entomology
  • 1 August 1973
The Effect of Apholate on the Ovarian Development of House Flies
Apholate when administered in the food of adult female house flies at a 1.0% concentration, for a period up to 240 hours, inhibited but did not eliminate ovarian development. Expand