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The Black Flies (Simuliidae) of North America
Evaluation of Gastric Lavage for Stomach Analyses
This technique was effective for 98% of the brook trout examined, and 100% for slimy sculpins, and no mortality occurred in either species during the 3-week post-lavage period.
Development of the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Relation to Temperature
The duration of larval development was a significant predictor of adult longevity and temperature differences of even 3°C produce significant fitness tradeoffs for males and females, influencing life history attributes and having practical applications for forensic entomology.
Patterns of species richness for blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Nearctic and Neotropical regions
Patterns of simuliid species richness were examined over a variety of scales at 532 stream sites in the Nearctic and Neotropical regions and found richness was not highly correlated with single‐point measurements of stream conditions.
Vertebrate host specificity of wild–caught blackflies revealed by mitochondrial DNA in blood
- B. Malmqvist, Darius Straševičius, O. Hellgren, P. Adler, S. Bensch
- BiologyProceedings of the Royal Society of London…
- 7 May 2004
By matching mitochondrial DNA sequences in blood collected from engorged blackflies with stored sequences in the GenBank database, relationships between 17 blackfly species and 25 species of vertebrate hosts were revealed.
Diversity, distribution and larval habitats of North Swedish blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae)
Blackfly species richness and community structure were analysed at fifty-six sites in northern Sweden in two seasons and widespread blackfly species were locally more abundant than those found at relatively few sites, thus showing a positive abundance–occupancy relationship.
Hydrophobic–hydrophilic dichotomy of the butterfly proboscis
- M. Lehnert, D. Monaenkova, Taras Andrukh, C. Beard, P. Adler, K. Kornev
- BiologyJournal of The Royal Society Interface
- 6 August 2013
Structural changes along the proboscis, including increased legular width and presence of a brush-like tip, occur in a wide range of species, suggesting that a wetting dichotomy is widespread in the Lepidoptera.
Global diversity of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in freshwater
Calculations derived from the best-known regional fauna—the Nearctic Region—reveal that the actual number of World black fly species exceeds 3,000.
Species richness and spatial distribution of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in streams of Central Amazonia, Brazil
1. The spatial distribution and species richness of blackflies were evaluated at 58 stream sites in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Samples were taken along a north–south axis of approximately 130 km and a…