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Development of the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Relation to Temperature
ABSTRACT The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens L., was reared on a grain-based diet at 27, 30, and 36°C. Survival of 4- to 6-d-old larvae to adults averaged 74–97% at 27 and 30°C but was onlyExpand
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Evaluation of Gastric Lavage for Stomach Analyses
Abstract The efficiency of gastric lavage for the removal of stomach contents of two species of fish was tested at The Pennsylvania State University in 1981. This technique was effective for 98% ofExpand
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Vertebrate host specificity of wild–caught blackflies revealed by mitochondrial DNA in blood
Blood–feeding blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) transmit pathogens, harass vertebrate hosts and may cause lethal injuries in attacked victims, but with traditional methods it has proved difficult toExpand
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Patterns of species richness for blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Nearctic and Neotropical regions
Abstract.  1. Patterns of simuliid species richness were examined over a variety of scales at 532 stream sites in the Nearctic (394) and Neotropical (138) regions. In Nearctic streams, speciesExpand
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Global diversity of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in freshwater
Black flies are a worldwide family of nematocerous Diptera whose immature stages are confined to running waters. They are key organisms in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, but are perhapsExpand
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Evolution, epidemiology, and population genetics of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae).
More than 2000 species of black flies feed on vertebrate blood; 1.5% of all species are vectors of pathogens that cause human diseases. Of nine simuliid-borne animal diseases, only two, mansonellosisExpand
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Insect Life: The Hidden Ecology of Black Flies: Sibling Species and Ecological Scale
The words black fly might conjure up images of blood-sucking demons that “stick to their prey like bulldogs” and render their hapless victim “a frightful spectacle … bloody, and covered withExpand
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Species richness and spatial distribution of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in streams of Central Amazonia, Brazil
1. The spatial distribution and species richness of blackflies were evaluated at 58 stream sites in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Samples were taken along a north–south axis of approximately 130 km and aExpand
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Hydrophobic–hydrophilic dichotomy of the butterfly proboscis
Mouthparts of fluid-feeding insects have unique material properties with no human-engineered analogue: the feeding devices acquire sticky and viscous liquids while remaining clean. We discovered thatExpand
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