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A meta‐analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions
A meta-analysis of the plant invasions literature concludes that ecological interactions rarely enable communities to resist invasion, but instead constrain the abundance of invasive species once they have successfully established.
A niche for neutrality.
Ecologists now recognize that controversy over the relative importance of niches and neutrality cannot be resolved by analyzing species abundance patterns. Here, we use classical coexistence theory…
Community assembly, coexistence and the environmental filtering metaphor
- Nathan J B Kraft, P. Adler, Ó. Godoy, E. C. James, S. Fuller, J. Levine
- Environmental Science
- 1 May 2015
It is suggested that the evidence used in many studies to assess environmental filtering is insufficient to distinguish filtering from the outcome of biotic interactions, and a simple framework for considering the role of the environment in shaping community membership is presented.
Rethinking Community Assembly through the Lens of Coexistence Theory
- J. HilleRisLambers, P. Adler, W. Harpole, J. Levine, M. Mayfield
- Environmental Science
- 5 November 2012
It is shown that experimental manipulations of the abiotic or biotic environment, assessments of trait-phylogeny-environment relationships, and investigations of frequency-dependent population growth all suggest strong influences of stabilizing niche differences and fitness differences on the outcome of plant community assembly.
Global patterns of leaf mechanical properties.
It is discovered that toughness per density contributed a surprisingly large fraction to variation in mechanical resistance, larger than the fractions contributed by lamina thickness and tissue density, and was associated with long leaf lifespan especially in forest understory.
Herbivores and nutrients control grassland plant diversity via light limitation
Testing the hypothesis that herbaceous plant species losses caused by eutrophication may be offset by increased light availability due to herbivory demonstrates that nutrients and herbivores can serve as counteracting forces to control local plant diversity through light limitation, independent of site productivity, soil nitrogen, herbivore type and climate.
Functional traits explain variation in plant life history strategies
- P. Adler, R. Salguero‐Gómez, M. Franco
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 30 December 2013
It is shown that simple morphological measurements can predict where a species falls within the global range of life history strategies: species with large seeds, long-lived leaves, or dense wood have population growth rates influenced primarily by survival, whereas individual growth and fecundity have a stronger influence on the dynamics of species with small seeds, short-lived Leaves, or soft wood.
Productivity Is a Poor Predictor of Plant Species Richness
Standardized sampling from many sites worldwide was used to address an important ecological problem. For more than 30 years, the relationship between net primary productivity and species richness has…
Trait-based tests of coexistence mechanisms.
- P. Adler, A. Fajardo, A. Kleinhesselink, Nathan J B Kraft
- Environmental ScienceEcology letters
- 1 October 2013
It is argued that predicting future changes in biodiversity will require linking functional traits with recognised coexistence mechanisms involving spatial or temporal environmental heterogeneity, resource partitioning and natural enemies, and some mechanisms will be stronger and more widespread than others.
Plant diversity predicts beta but not alpha diversity of soil microbes across grasslands worldwide.
Across a global range of temperate grasslands, plant diversity can predict patterns in the composition of soil microbial communities, but not patterns in alpha diversity.