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A meta‐analysis of biotic resistance to exotic plant invasions
A meta-analysis of the plant invasions literature concludes that ecological interactions rarely enable communities to resist invasion, but instead constrain the abundance of invasive species once they have successfully established. Expand
A niche for neutrality.
Ecologists now recognize that controversy over the relative importance of niches and neutrality cannot be resolved by analyzing species abundance patterns. Here, we use classical coexistence theoryExpand
Community assembly, coexistence and the environmental filtering metaphor
It is suggested that the evidence used in many studies to assess environmental filtering is insufficient to distinguish filtering from the outcome of biotic interactions, and a simple framework for considering the role of the environment in shaping community membership is presented. Expand
Rethinking Community Assembly through the Lens of Coexistence Theory
It is shown that experimental manipulations of the abiotic or biotic environment, assessments of trait-phylogeny-environment relationships, and investigations of frequency-dependent population growth all suggest strong influences of stabilizing niche differences and fitness differences on the outcome of plant community assembly. Expand
Productivity Is a Poor Predictor of Plant Species Richness
Standardized sampling from many sites worldwide was used to address an important ecological problem. For more than 30 years, the relationship between net primary productivity and species richness hasExpand
Functional traits explain variation in plant life history strategies
It is shown that simple morphological measurements can predict where a species falls within the global range of life history strategies: species with large seeds, long-lived leaves, or dense wood have population growth rates influenced primarily by survival, whereas individual growth and fecundity have a stronger influence on the dynamics of species with small seeds, short-lived Leaves, or soft wood. Expand
Plant diversity predicts beta but not alpha diversity of soil microbes across grasslands worldwide.
Across a global range of temperate grasslands, plant diversity can predict patterns in the composition of soil microbial communities, but not patterns in alpha diversity. Expand
Global patterns of leaf mechanical properties.
It is discovered that toughness per density contributed a surprisingly large fraction to variation in mechanical resistance, larger than the fractions contributed by lamina thickness and tissue density, and was associated with long leaf lifespan especially in forest understory. Expand
The effect of grazing on the spatial heterogeneity of vegetation
A cell-based simulation model is built that features two competing plant species, different grazing patterns, and different sources of vegetation pattern to identify why grazing causes increases in the spatial heterogeneity of vegetation in some cases, but decreases in others. Expand
Beyond pairwise mechanisms of species coexistence in complex communities
Progress requires borrowing insight from the study of multitrophic interaction networks, and coupling empirical data to models of competition, to understand the mechanisms of coexistence that emerge only in diverse competitive networks. Expand