P van den Winkel

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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) in measuring the thickness of the radial cortex. Thirty left forearm specimens were scanned on an XCT 960 Stratec pQCT device using a 2.5 mm thick slice at the junction of the middle and the distal third of the radius. Cortical and trabecular(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of an XCT 960 Stratec peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) device in assessing bone mineral content of the radius. We scanned 27 left forearm specimens excised from cadavers and focused on cortical bone mineral content (BMCc) at the junction of the middle and distal third and on total bone(More)
Our aim was to evaluate the role of cortical bone in resistance to compression in the human radius. Thirty-three left cadaver forearms were scanned on an XCT 960 Stratec CT scanner. Cortical density and cortical thickness were measured at the junction of the middle and distal third of the radius. Subsequently, 2-cm-high cylindrical specimens, centrated on(More)
Excitation curves for reactions induced by proton beams up to 36MeV on highly enriched (116)Cd targets were assessed. The standard stacked foil method, with monitoring of beam parameters over the whole energy region, and high resolution gamma spectrometry were used. We report cross sections for reactions leading to (113m)(,114m,115m,116m1)In and (115)Cd. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess magnesium enteral absorption from a magnesium-rich mineral water. DESIGN Experimental study. SETTING Department of Nuclear Medicine, Brugmann Hospital, Brussels, Belgium. SUBJECTS Ten healthy male volunteers in the age range 25-42 y. INTERVENTION Each subject completed two sessions in a random order. At one session, they received(More)
The bone mineral content of 34 lumbar vertebrae obtained from ten cadavers (three men, seven women; age 61-88 years) was measured using a pulsed source dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) apparatus. Scanning was performed in the frontal projection and was repeated on the vertebral bodies obtained after removal of the posterior elements of the vertebrae.(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of preprocessing dual energy quantitative computed tomography (QCT) for assessment of trabecular bone mineral content (BMC) in lumbar vertebrae. The BMC of 49 lumbar vertebrae taken from 16 cadavers was measured using dual energy QCT with advanced software and hardware capabilities, including an automated(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The accuracy of the measurement of the size of cortical bone on computed tomography (CT) images of human vertebrae was evaluated using an automated contour detection and segmentation procedure. METHODS Forty human lumbar vertebrae were scanned using 8-mm slices and an automated detection for definition of trabecular and cortical(More)
A major problem when evaluating the accuracy of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) against chemical analysis of bone mineral is to ensure that the same region of interest (ROI) is measured with two techniques. The method described here attempts to reach this objective. Forty-nine lumbar vertebrae were scanned. The mid-vertebral portion was sawed and(More)
(131)Cs is an X-ray emitter radioisotope gaining interest in prostate brachytherapy. It is generally produced via the (130)Ba(n,gamma)(131)Ba-->(131)Cs process in thermal-flux reactors. Here we investigate its cyclotron production possibilities. Excitation function of the (131)Xe(p,n)(131)Cs reaction was measured up to 35MeV using the stacked gascell(More)