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Follistatin is an activin-binding protein, which inhibits activin bioactivity in several biological systems. In the present study it is demonstrated that preincubation of iodinated activin A with follistatin, purified from porcine follicular fluid, completely abolished the binding of activin to activin type IIA, IIB2 and IIB4 receptors, and consequently to(More)
Truncated activin type II receptors have been reported to inhibit activin receptor signaling in Xenopus embryos, although the mechanism of action for this effect has not been fully understood. In the present study we demonstrate that in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells both the induction of the activin responsive 3TP-lux reporter construct and the inhibition(More)
The biosynthesis and intracellular processing of the polypeptide precursor of the beta A-chain of the fertility hormone inhibin were assessed by infecting a wide spectrum of cell types with a recombinant vaccinia virus. Most cell lines, including follicular granulosa cells, secrete both prohormone and mature hormone as homodimers (activin) composed of(More)
BACKGROUND There is accumulating evidence that blockade of the costimulatory pathways offers a valid approach for immune suppression after solid organ transplantation. In this study, the efficacy of anti-CD80 and anti-CD86 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in combination with cyclosporine (CsA) to prevent renal allograft rejection was tested in non-human(More)
Convenient, sensitive, and specific solid-phase immunoassays involving monoclonal antibody are described for the determination of human placental alkaline phosphatase (hPLAP). An endogenous enzyme immunoassay combined the specificity of the immunological and the enzymatic reactions. Alternatively, a solid-phase "sandwich" radioimmunoassay involving(More)
Costimulation via the B7/CD28 pathway is an important signal for the activation of T cells. Maximal inhibition of T-cell activation and the induction of alloantigen-specific nonresponsiveness in vitro was achieved using anti-CD80 monoclonal antibody (mAb) in combination with cyclosporin A (CsA). Based on this knowledge, the efficacy of the prophylactic(More)
Activins are members of the transforming growth factor-beta family of growth and differentiation factors. In this paper, we report the results of a structure-function analysis of activin A. The primary targets for directed mutagenesis were charged, individual amino acids located in accessible domains of the protein, concentrating on those that differ from(More)
Non-collagen proteins such as bone sialoprotein and osteopontin (OPN) form 10% of the extracellular bone matrix. In this study, the influence of OPN on bone repair was investigated. Human OPN (Innogenetics) was produced by a recombinant technique and bonded onto the surface of hydroxyapatite (Interpore 200). Thirty rabbits were divided into six equal(More)
In this study a digital measurement technique has been proposed to quantify bone formation on histological images. Two standard parietal defects were created in 30 adult rabbits. The animals were divided into six groups. Four animals of each group were randomly chosen as experimental group in which osteopontin-coated hydroxyapatite (OPN-HA) and(More)