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Atlantis II and Discovery are two hydrothermal and hypersaline deep-sea pools in the Red Sea rift that are characterized by strong thermohalo-stratification and temperatures steadily peaking near the bottom. We conducted comprehensive vertical profiling of the microbial populations in both pools and highlighted the influential environmental factors.(More)
AIMS Experiments were designed to investigate the effect of agitation on the production of violacein by a marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas luteoviolacea. METHODS AND RESULTS A marine sponge-associated bacterium, P. luteoviolacea, was grown at different agitation speeds. Agitation did not have a significant effect on bacterial growth, but had a profound(More)
In this study, we investigated the potential antilarval and antibacterial activity of secondary metabolites of the gorgonians Subergorgia suberosa and Scripearia gracillis from the South China Sea. Fresh specimens of these two gorgonian corals were collected from a shallow reef in Sanya Bay of Hainan Island and extracted with different solvents. Antilarval(More)
Studying how invasive species respond to environmental stress at the molecular level can help us assess their impact and predict their range expansion. Development of markers of genetic polymorphism can help us reconstruct their invasive route. However, to conduct such studies requires the presence of substantial amount of genomic resources. This study(More)
A novel circovirus called porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) was recently reported to exist in the USA. This circovirus is associated with porcine dermatitis, nephropathy syndrome and reproductive failure. This study reports on the first identification, widely epidemic, different phylogenetic clusters, potential role in sow reproductive failure and possible(More)
Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (T-RFLP) was used to track the changes of bacterial community compositions (BCC) in coastal surface sediments along an environmental pollution gradient between 2004 and 2006. BCC in the chronically contaminated sites showed the largest deviation from those in the adjacent sites. Surprisingly, BCC at(More)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) in viruses of the family Flaviviridae plays an important role in the viral replication process and in the forming of a replicase complex. We used small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) corresponding to the highly conservative Motif V of RdRp gene of different viruses to examine their role in modulating the expression of(More)
In this research, compound Maqin decoction (CMD) has been shown to positively affect in airway inflammation of asthma models. We evaluated the effects of CMD on the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1/Smad proteins, interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-10 in lung tissue of asthmatic rats. Asthma was induced in a rat model using ovalbumin. After a(More)
In recent years, a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (AIV) H5N1 subtype has emerged as a pathogenic agens for a variety of species including humans. To investigate the pathogenicity of AIV, the isolate ZFE/2004 (H5N1) was used to infect chickens, mice, and pigs. The results showed that the isolate showed attributes of the highly pathogenic AIV such as(More)
Atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) has been considered a novel pestivirus and causative agent of congenital tremor type A-II. An APPV CH-GX2016 strain was characterized from newly born piglets with clinical symptoms of congenital tremor in Guangxi, China. The genome of APPV CH-GX 2016 strain was 11,475 bp in length and encoded a polyprotein composed of the(More)