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TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL, also called Apo2L), a novel member of TNF superfamily, induces apoptosis in transformed cell lines of diverse origin. TRAIL is expressed in most of the cells, and the expression is up-regulated in activated T cells. Four receptors for TRAIL have been identified, and there is complex interplay between TRAIL and(More)
Milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (MFG-E8) is a molecule implicated in phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells by bridging between macrophages and apoptotic cells. Defects in MFG-E8 cause lupus-like disease in murine models. The aim of our study is to determine whether genetic variation in MFG-E8 predisposes human to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A(More)
BACKGROUND Although the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection benefits patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers, the value of eradicating the infection in the patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) remains controversial. AIMS To determine whether eradicating H. pylori can prevent the subsequent development of ulcers or relieve the symptoms of(More)
At present, there is no study that simultaneously addresses the apparent differences between bacterial and host factors in patients with bleeding and nonbleeding Helicobacter pylori-related ulcer diseases. Therefore, we designed this prospective study to evaluate whether there are identifiable differences between the two groups of patients whose H.(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigates the cell proliferation and the expression of p53 protein in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated gastritis and assesses the effect of bacterial eradication on these epithelial factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventy-nine patients with H. pylori-associated gastritis were randomized into the control group (n = 38) and(More)
Serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody tests are used extensively. We attempted to find out whether the titers of anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody correlated with the degree of macroscopic gastrointestinal damage, the severity of antral gastritis, and the density of antral H. pylori colonization in symptomatic patients. Peripyloric antral biopsy(More)
The superantigen encoded by the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) is a potent stimulator of T cells when bound to MHC class II molecules. Recent data from this laboratory have shown that the Mtv7 superantigen, Mls-1, elicits a strong T cell response when presented by HLA-DR. To expand these observations further, we have produced the 28 kDa extracellular(More)
Mouse mammary tumor viruses encode superantigens that interact with MHC class II proteins and stimulate T cells. We show here that presentation of mouse mammary tumor virus superantigen does not require DM. Furthermore, we have identified a strong class II peptide binding motif in the Mtv-7 superantigen, and we show that this motif is necessary for(More)
Superantigens are microbial agents that have a strong effect on the immune response of the host. Their initial target is the T lymphocyte, but a whole cascade of immunological reactions ensues. It is thought that the microbe engages the immune system of the host to its own advantage, to facilitate persistent infection and/or transmission. In this review, we(More)
BACKGROUND UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE) gene mutations have been found in patients with distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV). It is not clear how the same GNE gene mutations can result in different phenotypes in the same family with DMRV. METHODS The clinical, neurophysiological, histopathological, and(More)