Three patients developed chorea while receiving oral contraceptives. Two were young patients whose chorea developed long after treatment had been started and disappeared soon after it had been discontinued. The third patient had acute amphetamine-induced chorea after prolonged oral contraception. Prolonged administration of female sex hormones is a possible… (More)
A 34-year-old woman with no family history of orthochromatic leukodystrophy (OLD) developed progressive intellectual deterioration, a frontal syndrome and spastic tetraparesis. She died four years after the onset of the clinical illness. Neuropathological studies included light and electron microscopy of cerebral and nerve biopsies, and a complete… (More)
A case of progressive supranuclear palsy characterized by a loss of self-activation and a compulsive behaviour of the obsessive type is reported. The pathological examination was remarkable for the intensity of pallidal lesions and their diffusion to both the external and internal segments. While the loss of self-activation seemed to result from a damaged… (More)
Oculomotor disorders in 22 infarctions in the thalamic region are recorded. Clinical examination and electro-oculography (17 cases) showed that paramedian thalamo-subthalamic lesions were responsible for clear deficits: upgaze paralysis and in some cases downgaze paralysis, partial paresis of the oculomotor nerve, deficits of lateral eye movements, myosis,… (More)
A 35 year-old caucasian man suffered from paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) or Marchiafava-Micheli's disease diagnosed in 1976 and complicated by several thrombotic episodes. He developed a benign intracranial hypertension. A digitalized intravenous angiography showed occlusion of both lateral sinuses. Partial improvement followed lombo-peritoneal… (More)
A woman presented with a history of three regressive comas of undetectable etiology between the age of 52 and 57 years. An IgG lambda benign monoclonal dysglobulinemia was combined with a papular mucinosis (myxedematous lichen or the generalized form of Arndt-Gotton's scleromyxedema). In the 6 analogous cases documented in the literature the onset of coma… (More)
An intraspinal ependymal cyst of the thoracolumbar spinal cord was found in a 71-year-old woman with a history of right side abdominal pain since the age of 18. The late discovery of the cyst is related to the extremely slow evolution of this type of cyst in the absence of spinal trauma. Etiopathogenic problems are discussed after a review of the literature.
A 21 year-old man presented with a history of sudden onset of aphasia and headache. CT showed a left parietal hypodensity and pallidal calcifications. The ECG showed a Wolff-Parkinson-White's syndrome. The patient then developed successively focal epileptic seizures, temper disorders, a cardiomyopathy, a pepper and salt retinopathy with hemeralopia, a left… (More)