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We have developed a simple computer-based discrimination task that enables the quick determination of visual acuities in rodents. A grating is displayed randomly on one of two monitors at the wide end of a trapezoidal-shaped tank containing shallow water. Animals are trained to swim toward the screens, and at a fixed distance, choose the screen displaying(More)
reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Violations are liable for prosecution under the German(More)
Rats have become a popular model for investigating the mechanisms underlying ocular dominance plasticity; however, no quantitative assessment of the effects of visual deprivation on behavioural acuity has been reported in this species. We measured the spatial acuity of monocularly and binocularly deprived rats with a visual discrimination task. The average(More)
The Morris water task is a standard method for testing spatial learning in rodents. In a place version of the task, animals utilize multiple visual cues to learn the location of a hidden platform. The ability of animals to locate a cued platform is often used to qualitatively test for possible non-cognitive contributions to deficient place learning,(More)
A total of 110 cases of bacterial meningitis were studied over a 7-year period. The attack rate was 3.2/100,000 overall and 13/100,000 in children under 12 years. Haemophilus influenzae was the most common pathogen (44.3%), followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (20.9%) and Neisseria meningitidis (12.7%). The mean patient age was 2.7 years, but 44/49 cases of(More)
  • P. W. West
  • British journal of biomedical science
  • 2000
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are associated particularly with Klebsiella spp. These enzymes have arisen by mutation of the genes coding for clavulanate-sensitive, plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases such as TEM-1, TEM-2 and SHV-1. Amino acid changes in ESBLs confer enhanced hydrolysis of oxyimino-aminothiazolyl beta-lactams and aztreonam. Enzyme(More)
Ninety-three children with shigellosis were hospitalized in a regional hospital in Kuwait during the year 1988. S. flexneri was the most common isolate (54%) followed by S. sonnei (39%) and S. boydii (7%). In addition to the gastrointestinal manifestations, 14 patients (15%) developed generalized convulsions. The benign and self-limiting nature of the(More)