P. Valentin-Hansen

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The Escherichia coli ompA mRNA, encoding a highly abundant outer membrane protein, has served as a model for regulated mRNA decay in bacteria. The half-life of this transcript correlates inversely with the bacterial growth rate and is growth stage-dependent. The stability of the messenger is determined by the 5'-untranslated region which possesses cleavage(More)
The bacterial Hfq protein modulates the stability or the translation of mRNAs and has recently been shown to interact with small regulatory RNAs in E. coli. Here we show that Hfq belongs to the large family of Sm and Sm-like proteins: it contains a conserved sequence motif, known as the Sm1 motif, forms a doughnut-shaped structure, and has RNA binding(More)
Hfq is a small, highly abundant hexameric protein that is found in many bacteria and plays a critical role in mRNA expression and RNA stability. As an "RNA chaperone," Hfq binds AU-rich sequences and facilitates the trans annealing of small RNAs (sRNAs) to their target mRNAs, typically resulting in the down-regulation of gene expression. Hfq also plays a(More)
The RNA-binding protein Hfq plays important roles in bacterial physiology and is required for the activity of many small regulatory RNAs in prokaryotes. We have previously shown that Hfq contributes to stress tolerance and virulence in the Gram-positive human pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. In the present study, we performed coimmunoprecipitations followed(More)
The conserved RNA-binding protein Hfq, originally discovered in Escherichia coli as a host factor for Qbeta replicase, has emerged as a pleiotropic regulator that modulates the stability or the translation of an increasing number of mRNAs. During the past 5 years, Hfq-mediated control has been an area of increasing focus because the protein has been linked(More)
Enteric bacteria respond to misfolded proteins by activating the transcription of "heat shock" genes. These genes are arranged in two major regulons controlled by the alternative sigma factors sigmaH and sigmaE. The two transcription factors coordinate the stress response in different cellular compartments; the sigmaH regulon is induced by stress in the(More)
The physiological role of Escherichia coli Spot 42 RNA has remained obscure, even though the 109-nucleotide RNA was discovered almost three decades ago. Structural features of Spot 42 RNA and previous work suggested to us that the RNA might be a regulator of discoordinate gene expression of the galactose operon, a control that is only understood at the(More)
In prokaryotes, Hfq regulates translation by modulating the structure of numerous RNA molecules by binding preferentially to A/U-rich sequences. To elucidate the mechanisms of target recognition and translation regulation by Hfq, we determined the crystal structures of the Staphylococcus aureus Hfq and an Hfq-RNA complex to 1.55 and 2.71 A resolution,(More)
Small trans-encoded RNAs (sRNAs) modulate the translation and decay of mRNAs in bacteria. In Gram-negative species, antisense regulation by trans-encoded sRNAs relies on the Sm-like protein Hfq. In contrast to this, Hfq is dispensable for sRNA-mediated riboregulation in the Gram-positive species studied thus far. Here, we provide evidence for Hfq-dependent(More)
In Listeria monocytogenes, the alternative sigma factor sigma(B) plays important roles in stress tolerance and virulence. Here, we present the identification of SbrA, a novel small noncoding RNA that is produced in a sigma(B)-dependent manner. This finding adds the sigma(B) regulon to the growing list of stress-induced regulatory circuits that include small(More)