P. V. Ajayakumar

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Biotransformation of antimalarial drug artemisinin by fungi Rhizopus stolonifer afforded three sesquiterpenoid derivatives. The transformed products were 1α-hydroxyartemisinin (3), 3.0%, a new compound, 10β-hydroxyartemisinin, 54.5% (4) and deoxyartemisinin (2) in 9% yield. The fungus expressed high-metabolism activity (66.5%). The chemical structures of(More)
This paper reports the characterisation of a naturally occurringCucumber mosaic virus (CMV) infection, causing mosaic, leaf distortion and stunting of periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). The virus isolate showed wide host range, biophysical properties similar to CMV, isometric particles of 28 nm, capsid protein of 26 kDa, serological reaction with CMV-S and(More)
A cucumber mosaic virus isolate was found to be associated with mottle crinkle and severe mosaic disease of Egyptian henbane (Hyoscyamus muticus L.). The virus has been characterized as an Indian isolate of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) based on non-persistent transmission by aphid, presence of 28-nm isometric particles, capsid protein of 26 K and(More)
High-throughput analysis of a large number of samples for pharmacokinetic study is necessary in drug development and pharmacovigilance. Usually, drug quantification for pharmacokinetics and bio-availability is achieved through matrix extraction and HPLC analysis, which is time, labour and cost intensive method. A prompt and solvent free method is the quest(More)
The biotransformation potential of a selected Atropa belladonna hairy root clone (AB-09) had been evaluated with regard to three different aromatic carbonyl compounds, i.e., 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde (1), 3,4,5-trimethoxyacetophenone (2), and 3,4,5-trimethoxy benzoic acid (3). The results demonstrated for the first time the untapped potentials of the(More)
The present study aims at developing an extraction protocol for efficient ginsenoside recovery from cell suspensions of Panax quinquefolius and P. sikkimensis. Methanol (100%, 70% and 30%), water (40°C, 90°C), water-saturated butanol and butanol-saturated water were compared for their ultrasonication-assisted ginsenoside retrieval efficacy. HPLC and HP-TLC(More)
Alterations in essential oil gland number, distribution and fine structure, and the oil content in the leaf of Mentha arvensis L. were examined during its growth and senescence. Accumulation of essential oil occurred predominantly during the rapid leaf expansion phase followed by a similar decline. The oil gland (trichome) number increased upto leaf(More)
INTRODUCTION The genus Pluchea comprises about 80 species distributed worldwide, out of them, only Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) Oliv. & Hiern, is used extensively in the traditional system of India. No chromatographic method is available for its quality. OBJECTIVES To perform the energy audit for the extraction of biogenetic pentacyclic triterpene, its(More)
This paper reports Portulaca grandiflora as a new host of a Candidatus phytoplasma and demonstrates its association with the little leaf disease on P. grandiflora. Plants exhibited typical visual symptoms of a phytoplasma, with reduced leaf size. Pleomorphic bodies, observed by transmission electron microscopy, were restricted to the phloem of symptomatic(More)
Andrographolide and neoandrographolide are major bioactive molecules of Andrographis paniculata, a well-known medicinal plant. These molecules exhibited varying degrees of anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities in-vitro and in-vivo. Role of begomovirus protein C2/TrAP in biosynthesis of andrographolide was identified through molecular modeling, docking(More)