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Seventy-three TUR-T biopsies from bladder carcinoma were evaluated regarding microvessel density, defined as microvessel number (nMVD) and cross-section endothelial cell area (aMVD). A semi-automatic and a newly developed, automatic image analysis technique were applied in immunostainings, performed according to an optimized staining protocol. In 12 cases a(More)
All patients in a randomized study comparing chemotherapy with chemotherapy plus radiotherapy for patients with astrocytomas grade 3 and 4, were considered for reoperation when tumour progression was established. Fifty-eight patients were reoperated and 85 were not. Different prognostic factors, such as age, sex, Karnofsky performance status and reoperation(More)
BACKGROUND Membranous expression of the anti-adhesive glycoprotein podocalyxin-like (PODXL) has previously been found to correlate with poor prognosis in several major cancer forms. Here we examined the prognostic impact of PODXL expression in urothelial bladder cancer. METHODS Immunohistochemical PODXL expression was examined in tissue microarrays with(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy drug distribution varies greatly among individual patients. Therefore, we developed an individualised fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide (FEC) regimen to improve outcomes in patients with high-risk early breast cancer. We then did a randomised trial to compare this individually tailored FEC regimen with conventional adjuvant(More)
BACKGROUND The oncoprotein-18/stathmin 1 (STMN1), involved in cell progression and migration, is associated with clinical outcome in breast cancer. Here we aim to investigate its clinical significance in urinary bladder cancer and its possibilities as a therapeutic target. METHODS Immunohistochemical analyses of STMN1 protein expression were performed in(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of intratumoural microvessel density in breast cancer. We studied immunohistochemically primary tumours of 104 patients with metastasised breast cancer who took part in a randomised multicentre trial comparing docetaxel to sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil. Vessels were highlighted with(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple clinical risk factors and genetic profiles have been demonstrated to predict progression of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer; however, no easily clinical applicable gene signature has been developed to predict disease progression independent of disease stage and grade. METHODS We measured the intra-patient variation of an 88-gene(More)
In a previous preoperative study of patients with gliomas, we made the original observation that patients with high grade as opposed to those with low-grade gliomas have a psychological profile marked by extreme emotional reactivity. In this postoperative study of the psychological profiles of patients with breast cancer, the main funding was unexpectedly(More)
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