P. Torelli

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Cluster headache (CH) has also been called "suicide headache" on account of the extremely severe pain that characterizes its attacks. It is indeed well known that CH sufferers exhibit peculiar behaviours during attacks. The purposes of our study were: i) to investigate prospectively prodromes and clinical pain features and behaviour of patients during(More)
the last decade, there have been many studies on epidemiology of migraine. These studies have dealt not only with those aspects that are strictly related to the spread of the disease, such as prevalence and incidence rates, but also with other interesting aspects, such as familial occurrence, comorbidity and disability. In this paper, we deal with migraine(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of cluster headache (CH) is estimated at 56 to 69 per 100,000. OBJECTIVE To calculate the CH lifetime prevalence in a sample representative of the Italian general population over age 14 years. METHODS Possible CH cases according to the diagnostic criteria of the 1988 International Headache Society classification were screened from(More)
Cluster headache (CH), also known as "suicide headache," is characterized by a distinctive behavior during attacks. In 80% to 90% of cases, patients are restless and constantly moving in a vain attempt to relieve pain. They often perform complex, stereotyped actions. During attacks, CH sufferers do not want to be touched, stroked, or comforted and(More)
The objective of this paper was to assess prevalence and characteristics of anxiety and depression in migraine without aura and tension-type headache, either isolated or in combination. Although the association between headache and psychiatric disorders is undisputed, patients with migraine and/or tension-type headache have been frequently investigated in(More)
In the field of so-called chronic daily headache, it is not easy for migraine that worsens progressively until it becomes daily or almost daily to find a precise and universally recognized place within the current international headache classification systems. In line with the 2006 revision of the second edition of the International Classification of(More)
A debate has been going on for many years about whether migraine with aura and migraine without aura are part of the same disorder or should instead be considered as two separate disorders. Although no final consensus has yet been reached on this issue, many clinical and pathogenetic elements suggest that the second option is true. Clinically, migraine with(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE, BACKGROUND, AND METHODS: Ever since it was proposed by Ekbom and Kugelberg back in 1968 on the basis of the different location of head pain during attacks, the differentiation of cluster headache into an upper syndrome (US) and a lower syndrome (LS) has been regarded as a purely academic distinction. To evaluate whether this(More)
Medication-overuse headache (MOH) represents a severely disabling condition, with a low response to prophylactic treatments. Recently, consistent evidences have emerged in favor of botulinum toxin type-A (onabotulinum toxin A) as prophylactic treatment in chronic migraine. In a 12-week double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled study, we tested the(More)
The purpose of this review was to provide a critical evaluation of medical literature on so-called "cardiac cephalgia" or "cardiac cephalalgia". The 2004 International Classification of Headache Disorders codes cardiac cephalgia to 10.6 in the group of secondary headaches attributed to disorder of homoeostasis. This headache is hardly recognizable and is(More)