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The apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon4 allele is a major risk factor for neurodegenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's disease. A role for ApoE is implicated in regeneration of synaptic circuitry after neural injury. In the in vitro mouse organotypic hippocampal slice culture system, we previously showed that cultures derived from ApoE-knockout mice are(More)
In central nervous system injury and disease, apolipoprotein E (APOE, gene; apoE, protein) might be involved in neuronal injury and death indirectly through extracellular effects and/or more directly through intracellular effects on neuronal metabolism. Although intracellular effects could clearly be mediated by neuronal uptake of extracellular apoE, recent(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) and its three major alleles (APOE2, E3, and E4) have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease and other neurological disorders. Little is known of the role apoE plays in normal brain function and pathology. To create a model to study apoE in brain, we have generated APOE transgenic mice using microinjection of allele-specific human(More)
A chromosomal locus for late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) has previously been mapped to 9p21.3. The most significant results were reported in a sample of autopsy-confirmed families. Linkage to this locus has been independently confirmed in AD families from a consanguineous Israeli-Arab community. In the present study we analyzed an expanded clinical(More)
The apolipoprotein E (apoE) epsilon 4 allele (apoE4) is a major risk factor for neurodegenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). A role for apoE in regeneration of synaptic circuitry after neural injury has been shown in several in vitro studies in which apoE3 supports neuronal sprouting better than apoE4. We evaluated sprouting in an in(More)
Apolipoprotein E (APOE, gene; apoE, protein) is a susceptibility gene for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). To examine whether neurons can synthesize apoE, we performed in situ hybridization on brain tissue of transgenic mice carrying genomic constructs for the three major human APOE alleles. We find human APOE mRNA in glial cells of cerebellum, striatum(More)
Mice transgenic for human APOE2, E3, and E4 alleles express native 34-kDa human apoE and two sialylated apoE isoproteins with approximate molecular weights of 37 kDa (apoEs) and 39 kDa (apoEs2) in brain. These multiple apoE/apoEs/apoEs2 band patterns on Western blot are also observed in human brain, but are not seen in wild-type mouse brain. Both the 37-kDa(More)
Defects in the Drosophila norpA (no receptor potential A) gene encoding a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) block invertebrate phototransduction and lead to retinal degeneration. The mammalian homolog, PLCB4, is expressed in rat brain, bovine cerebellum, and the bovine retina in several splice variants. To determine a possible role of PLCB4(More)
A cDNA encoding the rat endopeptidase 24.15 was used to determine the chromosomal localization of the respective human gene. Hybridization to DNA from human-rodent somatic cell hybrids assigned the human gene to chromosome 19. Fluorescence in situ hybridization on human metaphase chromosomes localized the human endopeptidase 24.15 to 19q13.3.