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The role of nitric oxide in the immune response to allogeneic tissue was explored in an in vivo cardiac transplant model in the rat. Nitric oxide production during organ rejection was demonstrated by elevations in systemic serum nitrite/nitrate levels and by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Messenger RNA for the inducible nitric oxide synthase(More)
Peroxynitrite, generated by the reaction of nitric oxide (NO) with superoxide at sites of inflammation, is a strong oxidant capable of damaging tissues and cells. Detection of nitrotyrosine (NT) at inflammatory sites serves as a biochemical marker for peroxynitrite-mediated damage. In this study, NT was detected immunohistochemically within autopsied CNS(More)
Peroxynitrite, which is generated by the reaction of nitric oxide (NO) with superoxide, is a strong oxidant that can damage subcellular organelles, membranes and enzymes through its actions on proteins, lipids, and DNA, including the nitration of tyrosine residues of proteins. Detection of nitrotyrosine (NT) serves as a biochemical marker of(More)
Vasopressin induces a concentration-dependent increase in atriopeptin immunoreactivity in plasma. Rat plasma, rat atrial extract, and synthetic atriopeptin III (APIII) produced parallel displacement curves of iodine-125-labeled APIII binding to specific antiserum. Fractionation of plasma atriopeptin immunoreactivity by reverse-phase high-performance liquid(More)
Messenger RNA encoding inducible NO synthase (iNOS) was measured by competitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (cRT-PCR) and ribonuclease protection assays in spinal cords from mice at varying stages of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) and from control mice. iNOS mRNA was increased in spinal cords from mice with acute EAE.(More)
Administration of pharmacological doses of arginine-vasopressin, related peptides, and other pressor agents induced a profound release of atriopeptin immunoreactivity into the circulation. The stimulated release of atriopeptin apparently was related to increased arterial blood pressure. Neither the nonpressor vasopressin analog 1-deamino-D-Arg8-vasopressin(More)
We sought to establish a model of inflammatory bowel disease by augmenting the activity of the local immune system with Freund's complete adjuvant, and to determine if inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and peroxynitrite formation accompanied the inflammatory condition. In anaesthetized guinea-pigs, a loop of distal ileum received(More)
The chronic administration of guanethidine causes an immune-mediated destruction of sympathetic neurons in rats. Destruction can be prevented by various immunosuppressive agents, including gamma-irradiation and cyclophosphamide, as well as by administration with nerve growth factor (NGF). Experiments were conducted to determine whether: (1) NGF prevented(More)