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The paper describes the general outline of a multicentre study on the risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD) and their determinants in children of various ages in different parts of Finland. The study was a cross-sectional one, and was carried out in 1980 in five university cities of Finland with medical schools and in 12 rural communities in their(More)
Nutrient intake and serum total cholesterol (C T), serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HLD), triglycerides (TG) and fatty acids were evaluated from 692 3-year, 8-year and 12-year-old children in different areas in Finland. Serum/plasma TC concentrations varied from 4.8 to 5.0 mmol/l, HDL from 1.3 to 1.5 mmol/l and TG from 0.70 to 0.87 mmol/l.(More)
To survey risk factors in coronary heart disease in Finnish children, fasting serum specimens from 244 healthy 8-yr-old boys were analyzed for the fatty acid composition of cholesterol esters (CE), triglycerides (TG), free fatty acids (FFA), and phospholipids (PL). A qualitative dietary survey was made by asking parents to answer a questionnaire including,(More)
A multicentre study was launched to analyze the prevalence of risk factors for coronary heart disease and their determinants in Finnish infants, children and adolescents and to provide facts for the planning of intervention. The present report gives the results of the pilot study conducted among 264 8-year-old boys in 5 cities and corresponding rural areas(More)
Risk factors associated with coronary heart disease were surveyed in a multicentre study carried out in 1979 among children living in different parts of Finland. The survey included analyses of plasma lipids and cholesteryl ester (CE) fatty acids as well as a dietary interview by a 48-hour recall method. The present report gives the plasma fatty acid(More)
This report describes the results of a cross-sectional study of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and their determinants among Finnish children. A random sample of 634 subjects (three- and 12-year-old girls and boys, and 17-year-old boys) was selected, and 72% of the subjects invited participated. The children were from five cities and their rural(More)
A multicentre study on atherosclerosis precursors in Finnish children and adolescents was carried out in five urban and 12 rural areas in the autumn of 1980 and spring of 1981. Serum lipids, i.e. cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) concentrations were determined and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) was calculated in 630 newborns and 3,596(More)