Learn More
Covalent modification of enzymes with large polymers can produce modified enzymes which retain considerable biological activity and at the same time display resistance to denaturation by high temperatures and chaotropic agents. The cysteine protease, papain, with potential applications in industry, was covalently coupled to polymeric sucrose (mol. wt 400(More)
In this paper, a novel strategy for multicomponent analysis of two classes of pesticides such as triazines (atrazine and simazine) and phenoxyalkanoic acids (2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (CPOAc), phenoxyacetic acid (POAc)) employing immuno-arrays is demonstrated. The(More)
Modification of enzymes by means of covalent coupling using soluble polymers results in enzymes which retain high biological activity and display resistance to denaturants, high temperature and chaotropic agents. Alpha-chymotrypsin, which has a potential for use in industrial applications, was covalently modified by reductive alkylation using polymeric(More)
A continuous-flow system is described that utilizes an immobilized glycerol dehydrogenase nylon-tube reactor integrated into the flow system of a Technicon AutoAnalyzer II for the routine estimation of glycerol in serum and various beverages. Results are compared with determinations made by the solution method that uses the three enzymes glycerokinase,(More)
Controlled chemical modification of enzymes, targeting groups not involved in the active site, can lead to modified catalysts that are intrinsically more efficient and resistant to heat and denaturing agents. Bovine pancreatic trypsin was covalently modified up to 75-85% with monomeric glutaraldehyde (MGA), polymeric glutaraldehyde (PGA), oxidized sucrose(More)
We report here the preparation of an immobilized-enzyme nylon-tube reactor containing uricase (EC and the assembly of a flow-through system (Technicon AutoAnalyzer II) for the routine determination of uric acid in serum. Results of these uric acid analyses by use of immobilized uricase, in conjunction with peroxidase (EC and(More)
A continuous-flow clinical analyzer for the routine estimation of urea is described that makes use of an immobilized-enzyme nylon-tube reactor as part of a flow-through system (a Technicon AutoAnalyzer I). Results of blood-urea analyses by use of the immobilized urease are compared with determinations made with the diacetyl monoxime method and the urease(More)
We report a method for immobilizing glucose dehydrogenase on the inside surface of nylon tubes to produce an immobilized-enzyme nylon-tube reactor. The glucose dehydrogenase reactor is integrated into the flow system of a continuous-flow analyzer to facilitate routine analysis of serum glucose at 50 samples/h. We compared results with those by the reference(More)
Pigeon liver NAD kinase was covalently coupled to the inside surfaces of nylon tubes, both directly to the nylon and via polyamine specers Km values and the inactivation energy of the reaction changed upon immobilization, but the pH-dependence remained unaltered. The activities and stabilities of different preparations are compared.