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This paper presents a new computer method for folding an RNA molecule that finds a conformation of minimum free energy using published values of stacking and destabilizing energies. It is based on a dynamic programming algorithm from applied mathematics, and is much more efficient, faster, and can fold larger molecules than procedures which have appeared up(More)
The expression of the Xl-Fli gene, which belongs to the ets family of transcription factors, was studied by whole-mount in situ hybridization during Xenopus embryogenesis. Digoxigenin-labeled antisense RNA probes were synthesized by in vitro transcription and used in the hybridization reaction. In addition to expression in territories invaded by neural(More)
We previously reported the cloning and sequencing of two cDNAs derived from the Xenopus laevis ets-1 gene (Stiegler et al., 1990). The Xl-ets-1a cDNA encodes a polypeptide highly homologous to known ets-1 proteins. The 3'-UTR contains two AATAAA polyadenylation signals together with three copies of the TTTTTAT sequence thought to confer a(More)
Werner syndrome (WS) is a genetic premature aging disorder in which patients appear much older than their chronological age. The gene mutated in WS encodes a nuclear protein (WRN) which possesses 3'-5' exonuclease and ATPase-dependent 3'-5' helicase activities. The genomic instability associated with WS cells and the biochemical characteristics of WRN(More)
In a general approach to identify genes important in the control of genetic expression during development of Xenopus laevis, two complementary DNAs corresponding to two different c-ets-2 genes were cloned and sequenced. One of these complementary DNAs appears to be almost full length. The two variant genes differ in their overlapping sequences by 87(More)
The Xenopus laevis fli cDNA, belonging to the ets family of transcription factors, was isolated from a library prepared from unfertilized eggs. It encodes a polypeptide with extensive homology to murine and human Fli proteins. The long 3'-untranslated region contains five nuclear polyadenylation signals and three cytoplasmic polyadenylation elements, as(More)
Fli and erg are two members of the ETS gene family that encodes transcription factors related to the c-ets-1 proto-oncogene. The products of the ETS genes act as transcriptional effectors in cell proliferation, differentiation, and oncogenic transformation. FLI and ERG, two closely-related proteins, bind, as do all the ETS proteins characterized so far, to(More)
A consensus on the folding of the Escherichia coli 16-S ribosomal RNA is emerging and several complete nucleotide sequences of small ribosomal subunit RNAs, covering diverse types of organisms and organelles, are now available. We therefore investigated the extent of both nucleotide sequence and secondary structure conservation that may exist between the E.(More)
Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is an immediate cellular reaction to DNA strand breakage as induced by alkylating agents, ionizing radiation, or oxidants. The resulting formation of protein-bound poly(ADP-ribose) facilitates survival of proliferating cells under conditions of DNA damage probably via its contribution to DNA base excision(More)