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This paper presents a new computer method for folding an RNA molecule that finds a conformation of minimum free energy using published values of stacking and destabilizing energies. It is based on a dynamic programming algorithm from applied mathematics, and is much more efficient, faster, and can fold larger molecules than procedures which have appeared up(More)
Werner syndrome (WS) is a genetic premature aging disorder in which patients appear much older than their chronological age. The gene mutated in WS encodes a nuclear protein (WRN) which possesses 3'-5' exonuclease and ATPase-dependent 3'-5' helicase activities. The genomic instability associated with WS cells and the biochemical characteristics of WRN(More)
Specific binding sites for five proteins of the Escherichia coli 30S ribosomal subunit have been located within the 16S RNA. The sites are structurally diverse and range in size from 40 to 500 nucleotides; their functional integrity appears to depend upon both the secondary structure and conformation of the RNA molecule. Evidence is presented which(More)
Extensive studies in our laboratory using different ribonucleases resulted in valuable data on the topography of the E.coli 16S ribosomal RNA within the native 30S subunit, within partially unfolded 30S subunits, in the free state, and in association with individual ribosomal proteins. Such studies have precise details on the accessibility of certain(More)
Abstrad In a general approach to identify genes important in the control of genetic expression during development of Xenopus Iaevis, two complementary DNAs corresponding to two different c-ets-2 genes were cloned and sequenced. One of these complementary DNAs appears to be almost full length. The two variant genes differ in their overlapping sequences by 87(More)
Evidence is presented for tertiary structural interaction(s) (interactions(s) between two regions of an RNA molecule that are widely separated in the RNA sequence) within the 5'-one third of the 16S ribosomal RNA of Escherichia coli that constitutes the binding site of protein S4. The two main interacting RNA regions were separated by about 120 nucleotides(More)
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