The evolution of the genetic code, with 20 amino acids encoded from the beginning, is analyzed from the viewpoint of codon-anticodon interaction. Imposing a minimum principle for the interaction, in the framework of the so called crystal basis model of the genetic code, we determine the structure of the anticodons in the ancient, archetypal and early… (More)
Imposing a minimum principle in the framework of the so-called crystal basis model of the genetic code, we determine the structure of the minimum set of anticodons which allows the translational-transcription for animal mitochondrial code. The results are in very good agreement with the observed anticodons.
The HLA-DM molecule catalyses the CLIP/antigen peptide exchange in the classical class II peptide-binding groove. As such, DM is an antigen presentation regulator and may be linked to autoimmune diseases. Using PCR derived methods, a relationship was revealed between DM gene polymorphism and IDDM, in a Corsican population. The DMA*0101 allele was observed… (More)
Inequalities between codon usage probabilities for quartets of codons are derived using a minimum principle for codon-anticodon interaction and a probability sum rule in the framework of the Crystal Basis Model of the genetic code. Performing this study separately for the Early and for the Eukaryotic Genetic Code, we observe a consistency in the obtained… (More)