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A widely accepted approach to evaluate interrater reliability for categorical responses involves the rating of n subjects by at least 2 raters. Frequently, there are only 2 response categories, such as positive or negative diagnosis. The same approach is commonly used to assess the concordant classification by 2 diagnostic methods. Depending on whether one(More)
This paper continues our work on the theory of nonequilibrium voltage noise generated by electric transport processes in membranes. Introducing the membrane voltage as a further variable, a system of kinetic equations linearized in voltage is derived by which generally the time-dependent behaviour of charge-transport processes under varying voltage can be(More)
As applications of the general theoretical framework of charge transport in biological membranes and related voltage and current noise, a number of model calculations are presented for ion carriers, rigid channels, channels with conformational substates and electrogenic pumps. The results are discussed with special reference to the problem of threshold(More)
In this paper, we describe a systematic approach to the theoretical analysis of non-equilibrium voltage noise that arises from ions moving through pores in membranes. We assume that an ion must cross one or two barriers in the pore in order to move from one side of the membrane to the other. In our analysis, we consider the following factors: a) surface(More)
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