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Published evidence suggests that obesity impairs cognition. Development of chronic low-grade inflammation (CLGI) represents the earliest consequence of obesity. The present study investigated the association between obesity and fluid intelligence impairment and assessed the potential mediating role of CLGI and psychological (depression/anxiety symptoms),(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to investigate whether dysfunctional family functioning contributes to relapse over a two-year follow-up period in patients experiencing their first episode of psychosis (FEP) and chronic patients with psychosis. METHODS The sample consisted of 100 remitted patients (50 FEP and 50 chronic) diagnosed with(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether mental flexibility moderates the relationship between illness representations of control and coping behaviour in individuals suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). DESIGN Recently, diagnosed RA (N = 80) and SLE (N = 75) patients completed questionnaires about illness representations of(More)
Patients with an inflammatory rheumatic disease (IRD), are often faced with significant limitations in physical functioning. Illness representations are a key-factor of their illness-related experience. Our aim was to examine (a) whether illness representations can predict or only reflect IRD patients’ physical functioning over time, and (b) the specific(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to examine the severity and prevalence of cognitive difficulties in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) within the first three years of diagnosis. METHOD One hundred consecutive RA patients aged 28-67 years (90% women) were administered a battery of 6 neuropsychological tests yielding 14 cognitive indices. Self-reported measures(More)
This study examined whether mild cognitive impairment affects the associations between personal expectations (i.e. optimism and self-efficacy), illness-related coping, and quality of life. In total, two groups of older adults participated: 127 persons diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment and 225 cognitively healthy older persons (cognitively(More)
We examined whether the dispositional optimism of patients suffering from an autoimmune disease as well as of their partners can predict, at a dyadic level, their representations of illness consequences, and personal and treatment control, assessed 1 year later. Patient optimism predicted several patient and partner illness representations. Partner optimism(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a form of degenerative neurological disease characterized by severe cognitive and psychosocial impairment. Cognitive interventions appear to be a viable supplement to pharmacological management, which has little long-term impact on the progression of the disease. Non-pharmacological interventions, are currently investigated as means(More)
The present study aimed to evaluate a path analytic model accounting for caregivers' psychological distress that takes into account perceived family cohesion and flexibility, expressed emotion and caregiver's burden associated with the presence of mental illness in the family. 50 first-episode and 50 chronic patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar(More)
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