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This study investigated in rats the action of a variety of antidepressants in two behavioral models. In model 1, animals trained in a T-maze were allowed to choose between 2 magnitudes of reward: immediate but small reward (2 pellets) vs. a 25-sec delayed but large reward (10 pellets). Under this alternative, vehicle-injected rats selected the(More)
When mice are introduced into an open-field, they are inclined to explore mainly the peripheral zone of this open-field. This tendency to remain close the walls, called thigmotaxis, decreases gradually during the first minutes of exploration. We have considered the degree of thigmotaxis during this period of decrease as an index of anxiety in mice. This(More)
Nafadotride (N[(n-butyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-1-methoxy-4-cyano naphtalene-2-carboxamide) is a novel compound, which inhibits potently and stereoselectively [125I]iodosulpride binding at recombinant human dopamine D3 receptors. the levoisomer displays an apparent Ki value of 0.3 nM at the dopamine D3 receptor, but is 10 times less potent at the human(More)
1. Mice when suspended by the tail will alternate between active attempts to escape and immobility. Immobility like that measured in the behavioral despair test is reduced by a wide variety of antidepressant agents. 2. The present paper describes a computerized version of this test (ITEMATIC-TST) which in addition to recording immobility measures the power(More)
Beta-adrenoreceptor stimulants such as salbutamol and clenbuterol have been reported to be effective in depressive states and to share many actions with classical antidepressants in animals. To further explore the antidepressant activity of these drugs, we investigated their effects in rats subjected to helplessness training. Rats were first exposed to(More)
Previously established dose-response curves indicated that modafinil 20-40 mg/kg i.p. elicited in mice an obvious stimulation of locomotor activity roughly similar to that induced by (+)amphetamine 2-4 mg/kg. The effects of various agents modifying dopamine transmission were compared on the locomotor response to both drugs. The preferential D2 dopamine(More)
To discuss the relation between solitary keratoacanthoma (KA) and crateriform squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), the clinical and histologic features of cutaneous crateriform squamous cell proliferations were studied. Two hundred twenty cases of wholly excised crateriform squamous cell proliferations were studied both clinically (age, sex, location, and(More)