P. Shane Winstead

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The use of daptomycin has been associated with an elevation in creatine phosphokinase level, with a reported incidence of 2.8% in phase III clinical trials. Published case reports have documented the presence of myopathy in patients who received daptomycin; however, there have been no previously reported cases of rhabdomyolysis in animals or humans to date.(More)
Contrast media is administered to many patients in hospitals nationwide. Although the use of contrast and dyes is widespread and has a well accepted use among the medical profession, contrast-induced nephropathy can be a common and potentially harmful complication. Identifying patients at risk, attempting to minimize risk, and using preventative strategies(More)
Although some medications have established dosing adjustments for obesity (Table 2), it remains unknown for the majority of medications if dosing adjustment is warranted. It is important to remember dosage adjustments may not be as simple as doubling an antibiotic dose because a patient is morbidly obese. Individualizing drug dosing is imperative in the(More)
PURPOSE An electronically administered cross-sectional survey was conducted to establish the rate of pharmacy resident participation in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) events at pharmacy residency programs throughout the United States and Puerto Rico. METHODS A 46-item questionnaire was developed and sent by e-mail to pharmacy residency program(More)
Blood transfusions and blood products are often given as a life-saving measure in patients with critical illness. However, some patients, such as Jehovah's Witnesses, may refuse their administration due to religious beliefs. Jehovah's Witnesses accept most available medical treatments, but not blood transfusions or blood products due to their religion's(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the effects of computerized requests for pharmacist-to-dose (PTD), an advanced clinical decision support tool for dosing guidance, on antimicrobial therapy with vancomycin and aminoglycosides, describe PTD request utilization, and identify factors that may prolong this process. DESIGN A retrospective review was conducted of patients(More)
A 42-year-old woman who underwent single lung transplantation who received tacrolimus and a 58-year-old woman with pneumonia and multiple comorbidities who received haloperidol both experienced drug-induced prolongation of cardiac repolarization. The second woman also developed torsade de pointes. Critically ill patients are particularly susceptible to(More)