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To elucidate the role of specific proinflammatory cytokines in regulating airway responsiveness, we examined the effects and mechanisms of action of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-2 on the beta-adrenoceptor- and postreceptor-coupled transmembrane signaling mechanisms regulating relaxation in isolated rabbit tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) segments. During(More)
We assessed the contributions of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters < or =10 and < or =2.5 microm (PM2.5 and PM10) and ozone (O3) to peak expiratory flow (PEF) and respiratory symptoms in 40 schoolchildren 8-11 years of age for 59 days during three periods in 1991 at a school in southwest Mexico City. We measured peak expiratory flow in the(More)
BACKGROUND The variable penetrance of breast cancer in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers suggests that other genetic or environmental factors modify breast cancer risk. Two genes of special interest are prohibitin (PHB) and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), both of which are important either directly or indirectly in maintaining genomic integrity. (More)
The ultrastructure organization of the stomach enteric plexus was examined in the lizard Podarcis hispanica. The ganglions of the myenteric plexus present a low number of nerve cell bodies with a peculiar nucleus, which occasionally establish direct contacts with cells of the circular muscle layer. Glial cells are smaller than the neurones, and their(More)
The role of IL-1beta in regulating altered airway responsiveness in the atopic/asthmatic sensitized state was examined in isolated rabbit tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) tissue and cultured cells passively sensitized with sera from atopic asthmatic patients or nonatopic/nonasthmatic (control) subjects. During half-maximal isometric contraction of the tissues(More)
The acute effects of ozone (O3) on the change in lung function before and after exercise was assessed in 22 boys and 18 girls from 7 1/2 to 11 yr of age tested up to eight times over a 1 1/2-yr period outdoors (under a tarpaulin) at a school in Mexico City. Ozone and particulates were monitored at an adjacent government station, in the school yard, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding associated with non-aspirin cardiovascular drug therapy, common analgesics and individual nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS The case group was made up of 1122 consecutive patients admitted with bleeding from a peptic lesion. The 2231 control subjects consisted of 1109(More)
This study was aimed at examining spatial learning and memory in nonoperated temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Twenty-five patients with a refractory epileptic focus located in the temporal lobe (10 in the right hemisphere and 15 in the left hemisphere) and 25 healthy age-matched controls performed the "Boxes Room," a virtual reality version of the holeboard.(More)
Several indexes have been reported to improve the accuracy of exercise test electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), compared with the classical ST depression criterion. Some of them combine repolarisation measurements with heart rate (HR) information (such as the so-called ST/HR hysteresis); others are obtained(More)
In this study, the influence of the time-varying mean heart rate (HR) and respiratory frequency in the ability of HR variability (HRV) indices to diagnose coronary artery disease has been studied. The autonomic nervous system activity has been assessed using a methodology that comprises correction of the HRV signal by the time-varying mean HR and(More)