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Three characteristic footprinting patterns resulted from probing the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase T7 A1 promoter complex by hydroxyl radicals in the temperature range between 4 degrees C and 37 degrees C. These were attributed to the closed complex, the intermediate complex and the open complex. In the closed complex, the RNA polymerase protects the DNA(More)
We have studied the early steps in RNA synthesis. The kinetic behaviour of the nascent RNA, having chain lengths between 3 and 11 bases, and the transcription fidelity were analysed using the bacteriophage T7 A1 promoter. By moving the stop-inducing base at position +12 in the wild-type template in single base steps upstream, a set of closely related(More)
A series of RNA synthesizing transcription complexes, initiated at the T7 A1 promoter and halted at specific base positions ranging from +12 to +40, were analyzed by footprinting techniques; exonuclease III was used to determine the position of the bound RNA polymerase on the DNA and hydroxyl radicals were used to visualize the protein--DNA contact sites(More)
The interaction of DNA dependent RNA polymerase of the extreme thermophile bacteria Thermotoga maritima with a promoter bearing DNA fragment was investigated in the temperature range from 20 to 85 degrees C. We show that the T. maritima RNA polymerase recognizes and utilizes the Escherichia coli T7 A1 promoter with an efficiency similar to that of the E.(More)
Two types of mechanisms are discussed for the formation of active protein-DNA complexes: contacts with specific bases and interaction via specific DNA structures within the cognate DNA. We have studied the effect of a single nucleoside deletion on the interaction of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase with a strong promoter. This study reveals three patterns of(More)
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