P. Scartezzini

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A lot of medicinal plants, traditionally used for thousands of years, are present in a group of herbal preparations of the Indian traditional health care system (Ayurveda) named Rasayana proposed for their interesting antioxidant activities. Among the medicinal plants used in ayurvedic Rasayana for their therapeutic action, some of these have been throughly(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of myopathies, including autosomal dominant and recessive forms. To date, two autosomal dominant forms have been recognized: LGMD1A, linked to chromosome 5q, and LGMD1B, associated with cardiac defects and linked to chromosome 1q11-21. Here we describe eight patients(More)
Abnormal and excessive accumulation of the amyloid beta-peptide (A beta) in the brain is a major and common characteristic of all Alzheimer's disease (AD) forms irrespective of their genetic background. Insoluble aggregates of A beta are identified as amyloid plaques. These deposits are thought to form when the amount of A beta is increased in the brain(More)
The usefulness of antigliadin (AGA) and antiendomysium antibodies (EMA) as a screening test for coeliac disease (CD) in 113 Down syndrome (DS) patients (61 children) was evaluated. AGA IgA were present in 22.1%, AGA IgG in 48.6%, EMA in 6.2%. Four symptomatic patients, AGA- and EMA-positive, were affected by CD (3.5%). In three AGA-positive and EMA-positive(More)
The SH3BGR gene has been recently isolated and mapped to chromosome 21 within the Down syndrome (DS) congenital heart disease (CHD) minimal region. As a first step to evaluate the possible involvement of SH3BGR in CHD that affect 40% of DS patients, we have analyzed by in situ hybridization the expression pattern of the mouse homolog gene (Sh3bgr), during(More)
We report a study of HEMPAS erythrocyte membrane glycoproteins in relation to proteolytic digestion and surface labelling with galactose-oxidase/NaB[3H]4. The proteolytic digestion of band 3, the major intrinsic glycoprotein of the human erythrocyte membrane, reveals an abnormality in the outer glycosylated segment of this protein. 3H incorporation in band(More)
We report the cloning of the human homologue of the rat metalloprotease N-arginine dibasic convertase (NRD convertase). This endopeptidase is responsible for the processing, at the Arg-Lys dibasic site on the N-terminal side of the arginine residue, of propeptides and proproteins. Comparisons of the human and rat full-length cDNAs show similarity and(More)
The SH3 binding glutamic acid-rich (SH3BGR) gene was cloned in an effort to identify genes located to human chromosome 21, within the congenital heart disease region, and expressed in the developing heart. After the identification of SH3BGR, two human homologous genes, SH3BGRL and SH3BGRL3, were identified and mapped to chromosome Xq13.3 and 1p34.3-35,(More)
As part of an effort to identify genes potentially involved in the Down Syndrome pathogenesis, in this paper we report the identification and characterization of a new human gene (named SH3BGRL), which shows a high homology to the SH3BGR gene, previously mapped to the Down Syndrome region of chromosome 21. The SH3BGRL gene encodes for a small protein of 114(More)
Emblica officinalis Gaertn. is one of the most important plants of Ayurved, the traditional Indian medicine. In this ancient medicine, the fruit of Emblica officinalis is processed according to a method named "Svaras Bhavana", whereby the therapeutic potential of the plant is enhanced by treating the main herb with its own juice. For many years, the(More)