P S Whitfield

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The remarkable effect that secondary bonding interactions can have on the macroscopic properties of a material is illustrated by two polymorphs of the title compound. The phase which is most stable under ambient pressure and temperature consists of puckered supramolecular ribbon polymers assembled by Te--N secondary bonding interactions and displays a(More)
We have examined the crystal structures and structural phase transitions of the deuterated, partially deuterated and hydrogenous organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) using time-of-flight neutron and synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. Near 330 K the high temperature cubic phases transformed to a body-centered tetragonal(More)
Experimental structure refinements and ab initio simulation results for 18 published, fully ordered P6(3)/m (A;{\rm I}_4)(A;{\rm II}_6)(BO4)6X2 apatite end-member compositions have been analyzed in terms of a geometric crystal-chemical model that allows the prediction of unit-cell parameters (a and c) and all atom coordinates. To an accuracy of +/- 0.025 A,(More)
Motivated by predictions made using a bond valence sum difference map (BVS-DM) analysis, the novel Li-ion conductor Li2Mg2P3O9N was synthesized by ion exchange from a Na2Mg2P3O9N precursor. Impedance spectroscopy measurements indicate that Li2Mg2P3O9N has a room temperature Li-ion conductivity of about 10-6 S/cm (comparable to LiPON), which is 6 orders of(More)
This paper reports on specific open and interconnected CO(2) foams of poly(L-lactic acid). The effect of varying gas concentration and hence physical changes induced by CO(2) has been investigated and thus used to generate specific structures. The developed morphologies have a skin core structure with larger pores in the core and open and interconnected(More)
The low energy spin excitation spectrum of the breathing pyrochlore Ba_{3}Yb_{2}Zn_{5}O_{11} has been investigated with inelastic neutron scattering. Several nearly resolution limited modes with no observable dispersion are observed at 250 mK while, at elevated temperatures, transitions between excited levels become visible. To gain deeper insight, a(More)
Order-disorder-order phase transitions in the clathrate-I Ba8Cu16P30 were induced and controlled by aliovalent substitutions of Zn into the framework. Unaltered Ba8Cu16P30 crystallizes in an ordered orthorhombic (Pbcn) clathrate-I superstructure that maintains complete segregation of metal and phosphorus atoms over 23 different crystallographic positions in(More)
Apatites commonly adopt P6(3)/m hexagonal symmetry. More rarely, monoclinic chemical analogues have been recognized, including the biologically significant hydroxyapatite, Ca(10)(PO(4))(6)(OH)(2), but the driving force towards lower symmetry has not been systematically examined. A combination of diffraction observations and ab initio calculations for(More)
Optimizing properties of phosphors for use in white-light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) is an important materials challenge. Most phosphors have a low level of lattice disorder due to mismatch between the host and activator cations. Here we show that deliberate introduction of high levels of cation disorder leads to significant improvements in quantum efficiency,(More)
Department of Chemistry, University of Cal CA 95616, USA. E-mail: kkovnir@ucdavis.ed Chemical and Engineering Materials Divisi Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA Laboratoire CRISMAT, ENSICAEN, CNRS U F-14050 Caen, France † Electronic supplementary information tables of crystal structure renements an CIFs, synchrotron X-ray and neutron p plots, additional TEM and(More)