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AIM To evaluate the association of the polar and lateral flagella with biofilm formation on plastic surfaces in 76 Aeromonas caviae strains isolated from environment (lagoon water), food (vegetables, fish and cheese) and human source (faeces). METHODS AND RESULTS Both polar (flaA) and lateral (lafA) flagellin genes have been investigated by means of PCR(More)
BACKGROUND The generalized T-cell activation characterizing HIV-1 and SIVmac infections in humans and macaques (MACs) is not found in the non-pathogenic SIVagm infection in African green monkeys (AGMs). We have previously shown that TGF-beta1, Foxp3 and IL-10 are induced very early after SIVagm infection. In SIVmac-infected MACs, plasma TGF-beta1 induction(More)
We report here the gene sequence for DC-SIGN (CD209) from chimpanzees. DC-SIGN is a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells. It is involved in DC-T cell interactions as well as in HIV-1 and SIV transmission. We have cloned two new alleles for chimpanzee DC-SIGN. The coding sequences are highly homologous to the two previously described chimpanzee(More)
Whole inactivated vaccines (WIVs) possess greater immunogenicity than split or subunit vaccines, and recent studies have demonstrated that WIVs with preserved fusogenic activity are more protective than non-fusogenic WIVs. In this work, we describe the inactivation of human influenza virus X-31 by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and analyze the effects on(More)
Mobile agents are typically referred as a very adequate paradigm for using in mobile and disconnected computing environments. They are autonomous, have a strong sense of location and are able to operate independently of a central server. Nevertheless, although this is true, for developing a mobile agent system that is capable of operating in a disconnected(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of rosemary (REO, Rosmarinus officinalis L.), turmeric (CEO, Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (GEO, Zingiber officinale R.) essential oils in HeLa cells. Cytotoxicity tests were performed in vitro, using tetrazolium (MTT) and neutral red assays for evaluation of antiproliferative activity by(More)
Aspergillus flavus, a haploid organism found worldwide in a variety of crops, including maize, cottonseed, almond, pistachio, and peanut, causes substantial and recurrent worldwide economic liabilities. This filamentous fungus produces aflatoxins (AFLs) B1 and B2, which are among the most carcinogenic compounds from nature, acutely hepatotoxic and(More)
Several novel 1,3-disubstituted beta-carboline derivatives bearing a substituted carbohydrazide group at C-3 were synthesized and evaluated for their antiviral activity against vaccinal poliovirus (VP) and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). The cytotoxicity and selectivity index of the active compounds were also evaluated. Among the synthesized(More)
BACKGROUND Avian influenza A viruses can cross naturally into mammals and cause severe diseases, as observed for H5N1. The high lethality of human infections causes major concerns about the real risk of a possible pandemic of severe diseases to which human susceptibility may be high and universal. High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) is a valuable tool for(More)
The ethnomedicinal plant Curatella americana L. (Dilleniaceae) is a common shrub in the Brazilian cerrado, in which crude extract showed antifungal activity in a preliminary study. In this work, the antifungal and cytotoxic properties of the crude extract, fractions, and isolated compounds from C. americana were evaluated against the standard yeast strains(More)