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Transient generation of reactive oxygen or nitrogen (ROS/RNS), detected with dihydrodichlorofluoroscein by fluorescence microscopy, occurs within minutes of exposing cells to ionizing radiation. In the 1-10 Gy dose range, the amount of ROS/RNS produced/cell is constant, but the percentage of producing cells increases with dose (20 to 80%). Reversible(More)
The perforated irrigation needle was used to test a high-volume (20 c.c.) final flush of prepared root canals. Three solutions: TEGO 1 percent, NaOCl 5.25 percent, and REDTA were tested. The roots were split longitudinally and were prepared for examination under the scanning electron microscope immediately after preparation and final flushing. In addition,(More)
Hyperthermia is under intensive investigation as a treatment for tumors both alone and in combination with other therapeutic agents. Hyperthermia has a profound effect on the function and structural integrity of tumor microvasculature; this has often been cited as a reason for its effectiveness in treatment of tumors. To test the role of hyperthermia in(More)
Normal blood vessels are leakage proof, non-adherent to blood cell elements, and participate actively in directional blood flow. These properties rely on the shape of endothelial cells and the integrity of the endothelial cell monolayer. The often observed effects of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and hyperthermia on tumour tissue are the disruption of(More)
Hyperthermic (43 degrees C) exposure of Chinese hamster fibroblasts for more than 30 min, either in suspension or as a monolayer, significantly inhibits their ability to attach to the culture substrate. This finding as well as the effect of hyperthermia on membrane proteins and on surface topology are rapidly expressed and differ from the inhibition of(More)
The in vivo effects on hemoglobin (Hb)-O2 affinity and tissue PO2 were investigated after intraperitoneal administration of 2-[4-(((dichloroanilino)-carbonyl)methyl)phenoxyl]-2-methyl propionic acid (RSR4; 150 mg/kg) or its 3,5-dimethyl derivative (RSR13; 300 mg/kg) in C3Hf/Sed mice. The Hb-O2 dissociation curve was plotted from tail vein blood samples(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of human cancer cells to ionizing radiation activates the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which, in turn, mediates a cytoprotective response that reduces the cells' sensitivity to ionizing radiation. Overexpression of a dominant-negative EGFR mutant, EGFR-CD533, disrupts the cytoprotective response by preventing(More)
The protein kinase C stimulant bryostatin 1 (Bryo) was used in examining human peripheral blood T-lymphocyte radiosensitivities in proliferation assays. Bryo was similar to PMA in inducing T-cell proliferation by the CD3, CD28 and CD69 pathways. No difference in radiosensitivities was observed in T-cells stimulated by the three independent surface(More)