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Transient generation of reactive oxygen or nitrogen (ROS/RNS), detected with dihydrodichlorofluoroscein by fluorescence microscopy, occurs within minutes of exposing cells to ionizing radiation. In the 1-10 Gy dose range, the amount of ROS/RNS produced/cell is constant, but the percentage of producing cells increases with dose (20 to 80%). Reversible(More)
The perforated irrigation needle was used to test a high-volume (20 c.c.) final flush of prepared root canals. Three solutions: TEGO 1 percent, NaOCl 5.25 percent, and REDTA were tested. The roots were split longitudinally and were prepared for examination under the scanning electron microscope immediately after preparation and final flushing. In addition,(More)
Hyperthermia is under intensive investigation as a treatment for tumors both alone and in combination with other therapeutic agents. Hyperthermia has a profound effect on the function and structural integrity of tumor microvasculature; this has often been cited as a reason for its effectiveness in treatment of tumors. To test the role of hyperthermia in(More)
Normal blood vessels are leakage proof, non-adherent to blood cell elements, and participate actively in directional blood flow. These properties rely on the shape of endothelial cells and the integrity of the endothelial cell monolayer. The often observed effects of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and hyperthermia on tumour tissue are the disruption of(More)
Temperature-induced variations in the surface morphology of cultured lymphocytes were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. At 25-37 degrees the cells' surfaces are largely obscured by numerous undulating microvilli of various lengths but uniform diameter. Temperature changes alter the number of microvilli, their lengths, diameters, distribution,(More)
The in vivo effects on hemoglobin (Hb)-O2 affinity and tissue PO2 were investigated after intraperitoneal administration of 2-[4-(((dichloroanilino)-carbonyl)methyl)phenoxyl]-2-methyl propionic acid (RSR4; 150 mg/kg) or its 3,5-dimethyl derivative (RSR13; 300 mg/kg) in C3Hf/Sed mice. The Hb-O2 dissociation curve was plotted from tail vein blood samples(More)
Many environmental chemicals and pesticides have been found to be estrogenic and have been shown to stimulate the growth of estrogen receptor-positive (ER-positive) human breast cancer cells. Since it is difficult to avoid human exposure to environmental estrogens, a potentially important area of research is the development of dietary strategies to prevent(More)