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G-protein coupled metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are important modulators of synaptic transmission in the mammalian CNS and have been implicated in various forms of neuroplasticity and nervous system disorders. Increasing evidence also suggests an involvement of mGluRs in nociception and pain behavior although the contribution of individual mGluR(More)
 Intradermal injection of capsaicin results in sensitization of spinothalamic tract cells to brushing and pressure applied to the cutaneous receptive field in anesthetized monkeys. A significant increase in background activity also occurs immediately after capsaicin injection that lasts for at least 2 h. A 40–50% decrease in the response to noxious heat(More)
Prior research suggests that a coulometric relation (Intensity x Duration) determines whether an opioid or nonopioid hypoalgesic system is activated by afferent nociceptive information. Using a paradigm that generates a brainstem-mediated hypoalgesia on the tail-flick test, we found that a coulometric relation does not predict either the emergence or the(More)
The heterogeneous family of G-protein-coupled metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) provides excitatory and inhibitory controls of synaptic transmission and neuronal excitability in the nervous system. Eight mGluR subtypes have been cloned and are classified in three subgroups. Group I mGluRs can stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis and activate(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to be involved in nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord. This study tested the hypothesis that induction of central sensitization in the dorsal horn by an intradermal capsaicin injection involves activation of PKC. A PKC inhibitor (NPC15437) was infused through a microdialysis fiber into the spinal cord prior to(More)
In vivo administration of bacterial superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) to BALB/c mice led to thymus atrophy resulting from thymocyte apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrated that SEB induced a substantial reduction in thymocyte numbers in BALB/c, B10. D2 (H-2(d) haplotype), B10.BR, C3H/HeJ, C3H/HeN (H-2(k)), and (BALB/c x B6)F1 (H-2(dxb)), but(More)
AIM To investigate the in vivo metabolic effects of treatment with BPR0912, a novel and potent peripheral cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) antagonist, on both normal mice and diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. METHODS The acute peripheral effects of BPR0912 administration on gastrointestinal transit and energy metabolism in normal mice were investigated. The(More)
Objective: To investigate whether Schisandrin B (Sch B) could improve cardiac structure and function in myocardial infarction (MI) mice and related mechanisms. Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice were randomized into sham (n=8), MI+ Sch B (n=24, 80 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) per gavage) or MI+ vehicle (n=24, equal volume). After treatment for 3 weeks, cardiac function was(More)