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Recombinant adeno-associated virus 2 (rAAV2) has been shown to deliver genes to neurons effectively in the brain, retina, and spinal cord. The characterization of new AAV serotypes has revealed that they have different patterns of transduction in diverse tissues. We have investigated the tropism and transduction frequency in the central nervous system (CNS)(More)
1. The present study investigated regulation of reflex excitability after experimental contusion injury of the spinal cord. 2. Four measures of H-reflex excitability were evaluated in normal rats and at 6, 28, and 60 days after contusion injury at the T8 level: 1) reflex thresholds, 2) slope of the reflex recruitment curves, 3) maximal plantar(More)
Multipotential progenitor cells grown from central nervous system (CNS) tissues in defined media supplemented with epidermal growth factor (EGF), when attached to a suitable substratum, differentiate to express neural and glial histochemical markers and morphologies. To assess the functional characteristics of such cells, expression of voltage-gated Na+ and(More)
Paralysis of the diaphragm is a severe consequence of cervical spinal cord injury. This condition can be experimentally modeled by lateralized, high cervical lesions that interrupt descending inspiratory drive to the corresponding phrenic nucleus. Although partial recovery of ipsilateral diaphragm function occurs over time, recent findings show persisting(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated anatomical and functional neuroplasticity following spinal cord injury. One of the more notable examples is return of ipsilateral phrenic motoneuron and diaphragm activity which can be induced under terminal neurophysiological conditions after high cervical hemisection in the rat. More recently it has been shown that a(More)
Basic science advances in spinal cord injury and regeneration research have led to a variety of novel experimental therapeutics designed to promote functionally effective axonal regrowth and sprouting. Among these interventions are cell-based approaches involving transplantation of neural and non-neural tissue elements that have potential for restoring(More)
Fetal spinal cord transplants placed into the site of spinal cord injury support axonal growth of host systems in both newborn and adult animals. The amount of axonal growth, however, is much more robust in the newborn animals. The current studies were designed to determine if the differences in the magnitude of the anatomical plasticity of host pathways in(More)
Rubrospinal tract cells undergo massive retrograde degeneration following spinal cord damage in newborn rats (Prendergast and Stelzner, J. Comp. Neurol. 166:163-172, '76b). In the current study, fetal spinal cord tissue (E12-14) was grafted into midthoracic spinal cord lesions in newborn rats (less than 72 hours old) in order to determine whether such(More)
The present study evaluated the growth potential and differentiation of human fetal spinal cord (FSC) tissue in the injured adult rat spinal cord under different lesion and grafting conditions. Donor tissue at 6-9 weeks of gestational age was obtained through elective abortions and transplanted either immediately into acute resection (solid grafts) or into(More)