P R Pratap

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The Na+/K(+)-ATPase couples the hydrolysis of ATP to the transport of Na+ and K+ via a phosphorylated intermediate and conformational changes. In order to identify these conformational changes, we have probed the sequence of steps from EP(3Na+ in) to EP + 3Na+ out with three fluorescent probes (IAF: 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein; BIPM:(More)
The Na+/K(+)-ATPase functions in cells to couple energy from the hydrolysis of ATP to the transport Na+ out and K+ in. The fluorescent probe IAF (iodoacetamidofluorescein) covalently binds to this enzyme, reporting conformational changes without inhibiting enzyme activity. This paper describes experiments using dog kidney enzyme labeled with IAF to examine(More)
Net K and Cl effluxes induced by valinomycin or by gramicidin have been determined directly at varied external K, denoted by [K]o, in the presence and absence of the anion transport inhibitors DIDS (4,4'-diiso-thiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid stilbene), and its less potent analogue SITS (4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid). The results(More)
Conformational changes between E1 and E2 enzyme forms of a dog kidney Na+/K(+)-ATPase preparation labeled with 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein were followed with a stopped-flow fluorimeter, in terms of the rate constant, kobs, and the steady-state magnitude, % delta F of fluorescence change. On rapid mixing of enzyme plus Mg2+ plus Na+ with saturating (0.5 mM)(More)
We have measured potential-dependent changes in the absorption of light by oxidized cholesterol bilayer lipid membranes in the presence of impermeant oxonol dyes. The magnitude of the absorption signal increased linearly with the size of potential steps over a range of 500 mV. The signal also increased when the offset voltage of the pulse train was(More)
Upon exposure of human red blood cells to hypertonic sucrose, the fluorescence of the potentiometric indicator 3,3'-dipropylthiadicarbocyanine iodide, denoted diS-C3(5), displays a biphasic time course indicating the rapid development of an inside-positive transmembrane voltage, followed by a slow DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid(More)
The white-noise method of system identification has been applied to the transient light-growth response of a set of seven mutants of Phycomyces with abnormal phototropism, affected in genes madA to madG. The Wiener kernels, which represent the input-output relation of the light-growth response, have been evaluated for each of these mutants and the wild-type(More)
The light-growth responses of Phycomyces behavioral mutants, defective in genes madB, madC, and madH, were studied with the sum-of-sinusoids method of system identification. Modified phototropic action spectra of these mutants have indicated that they have altered photoreceptors (P. Galland and E.D. Lipson, 1985, Photochem. Photobiol. 41:331). In the two(More)
The light-growth response of Phycomyces has been studied with Gaussian white-noise test stimuli for a set of 21 double mutants affected in all pairwise combinations of genes madA to madG; these genes are associated with phototropism, the light-growth response, and other behaviors. The input-output relations of the light-growth responses of these mutants are(More)
The light-growth response of Phycomyces has been studied with the sum-of-sinusoids method of nonlinear system identification (Victor, J.D., and R.M. Shapley, 1980, Biophys. J., 29:459). This transient response of the sporangiophore has been treated as a black-box system with one input (logarithm of the light intensity, I) and one output (elongation rate).(More)