Synaptobrevin-like membrane proteins that reside on transport vesicles, called the vesicle SNARE (v-SNARE), play a key role in ensuring that a vesicle targets and fuses with its correct acceptor compartment. Here we show that Bos1p, the v-SNARE of yeast endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi transport vesicles, pairs with another integral membrane protein of… (More)
Dystrophin, the protein product of the gene responsible for X-linked muscular dystrophies, shares structural features with the cytoskeletal proteins spectrin and alpha-actinin. Like spectrin, it is localized at the cytoplasmic surface of the sarcolemma and is particularly concentrated in the subsynaptic region of the neuromuscular junction. Mdx mice have a… (More)
The RIKEN Mouse Gene Encyclopaedia Project, a systematic approach to determining the full coding potential of the mouse genome, involves collection and sequencing of full-length complementary DNAs and physical mapping of the corresponding genes to the mouse genome. We organized an international functional annotation meeting (FANTOM) to annotate the first… (More)
The properties of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) were studied in motor-point biopsy samples from eight patients with congenital myasthenic syndromes affecting primarily proximal limb muscles ['limb-girdle myasthenia' (LGM)]. All had moderate to severe weakness of the proximal muscles, without short-term clinical fatigability but with marked variation in… (More)
The properties of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) in the vastus lateralis of man have been studied in motor point biopsy samples and compared with those reported for lower vertebrates (frogs and mice). The patients studied had no convincing evidence of a primary disturbance of neuromuscular transmission or other neurogenic component. Morphological studies… (More)
We consider the suitability of three types of language for the implementation of image processing algorithms on FPGAs; Hardware Description Languages, Parallel Language Extensions, Serial Language Extensions. We discuss the requirements for a language for this purpose and identify the weaknesses of four specific languages, VHDL, SystemC, Handel-C, SA-C and… (More)
A retrospective analysis of 350 treatment courses using high dose pulsed intravenous methylprednisolone for relapses of multiple sclerosis revealed a low number of adverse effects. This study confirms that high dose methylprednisolone is a safe therapeutic option in multiple sclerosis.
A solitary extranodal malignant lymphoma (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, centrocytic type) of the sciatic nerve is described in a 64-year-old woman. Whereas previous reports of peripheral nervous system lymphoma have described multifocal lesions and generally an association with systemic lymphomas, in this case the lymphoma was confined to a segment of a… (More)