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The spatial distribution of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) was assessed after treatment of mammalian cells (V79) with densely ionizing radiation. Cells were exposed to beams of heavy charged particles (calcium ions: 6.9 MeV/u, 2.1.10(3) keV/microm; uranium ions: 9.0 MeV/u, 1.4.10(4) keV/microm) at the linear accelerator UNILAC of GSI, Darmstadt. DNA was(More)
For the vertical beam facility at the 14 MV Munich tandem accelerator, various techniques for dosimetry were tested for radiation fields of low-energy protons and light ions (4He, 12C and 16O). A reference dose was determined from the fluence of particles by counting individual particles. A parallel-plate Markus chamber with a small sensitive air volume was(More)
PURPOSE Since the number of cancer patients treated by proton irradiation has increased in the last few years, it seems appropriate to study dose-dependent effects of proton irradiation on mammalian tissues in more detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tissue samples of normal skin of mouse and swine, of a human tumour model xenograph, and of normal skin and a(More)
Various methods of dosimetry for protons with energies up to 25 MeV were compared for radiation fields as might be used in the skin treatment of patients or in biological experiments. The methods used were: Fluence of individually registered protons; Charge deposition in commercially available ionisation chambers; Thermoluminescence detectors, exposed in(More)
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