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A previous study with aortic segments isolated from rats fed a fish oil-rich diet indicated an increase in acetylcholine-induced nitric oxide (.NO)-mediated relaxation. However, it remained to be elucidated whether a fish oil-rich diet affects the vascular activity per se and the point of the.NO-cGMP pathway at which fish oil acts. For this purpose, two(More)
PURPOSE While there is solid experimental evidence of brain oxidative stress in animal models of epilepsy, it has not been thoroughly verified in epileptic human brain. Our purpose was to determine and to compare oxidative stress markers in the neocortex of epileptic and non-epileptic humans, with the final objective of confirming oxidative stress phenomena(More)
We studied the response of several parameters related to oxidative stress in the liver of aging rats. Male Wistar rats aged 1.5, 3, 18 and 24 months were used. Livers showed an increase in superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) concentration at 1.5 and 18 months of age compared to the 3-month-old group; a decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD) was seen at 1.5 months(More)
To study the effect of the degree of unsaturation of dietary fatty acids on the production of free radicals and on the vascular smooth muscle tone in rings of the aorta, Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a semipurified diet containing 5% lipids from either corn oil (CO) or menhaden oil (MO) for 8 wk. The MO diet did not change the basal or NADPH-dependent(More)
PGHS-1 and PGHS-2 are the targets of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It appears that the high degree of selectivity for inhibition of PGHS-2 shown by certain compounds is the result of two mechanisms (time-dependent and time-independent inhibition), by which they interact with each isoform. The fenamic acids can be divided into competitive(More)
The effect of atropine (1 microM) and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG, 10 microM) on electrical field stimulation induced relaxation in proximal and distal segments of guinea-pig taenia caeci in the presence of guanethidine (4 microM) was studied. The frequency-dependent relaxations were lower in proximal than in distal segments both in the presence and in(More)
We have investigated the influence of age (3, 18, 24 months) on Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and Prostacyclin (PGI2) levels in hippocampal slices from F344/NHSD rats. A significant increase in TXA2 and PGI2 levels was observed in 18 and 24 months old compared to 3 months old animals. A significant reduction in the ratio TXA2/PGI2 produced by a higher increase in(More)
There is an increasing body of evidence implicating eicosanoids (arachidonic acid metabolites) in the experimental generation of epileptic seizures and the development of epilepsy. Our purpose was to measure the synthesis of eicosanoids from the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways in human brain neocortex tissue samples obtained from epileptic(More)
We examined in vitro the source and role of basal nitric oxide (NO) in proximal segments of guinea pig taenia caeci in nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) conditions. Using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), we measured the effect of the NO synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10(-4) M), the neuronal blocker tetrodotoxin (TTX,(More)
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