P. Puig-Parellada

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The consumption of seaweeds has increased in recent years. However, their adverse and beneficial effects have scarcely been studied. Two extracts from the brown seaweed Fucus vesiculosus containing 28.8% polyphenols or 18% polyphenols plus 0.0012% fucoxanthin have been obtained and studied to determine their toxicity in mice and rats and also their(More)
A previous study with aortic segments isolated from rats fed a fish oil-rich diet indicated an increase in acetylcholine-induced nitric oxide (.NO)-mediated relaxation. However, it remained to be elucidated whether a fish oil-rich diet affects the vascular activity per se and the point of the.NO-cGMP pathway at which fish oil acts. For this purpose, two(More)
Reactive oxygen species play a role in the formation of gastric lesions induced by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. The present study was undertaken to determine whether endogenous antioxidants in gastric mucosa can protect it against the damaging effects of oxygen free radicals. This study examine oxygen free radical production (superoxide anions and(More)
The effects of ozone treatment on the injury associated to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) was evaluated. Ozone treatment (1 mg/kg daily during 10 days by rectal insufflation) is shown to be protective as it attenuated the increases in transaminases (AST, ALT) and lactate levels observed after I/R. I/R leads to a decrease in endogenous antioxidant (SOD(More)
The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate prostanoid (prostacyclin and thromboxane) and lipid peroxide levels at the portal and hepatic veins, and their relation to immediate postoperative liver function. Nineteen patients with liver cirrhosis undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation were prospectively studied. Blood samples were obtained within 5(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 4 months on a control diet or a polyunsaturated-fatty-acid (PUFA)-deficient diet. The combined effects of iron overload (Fe dextran) or Fe deficiency (desferrioxamine) on carrageenan-induced granuloma were studied. PUFA deficiency induced changes in Fe metabolism, but no alterations in lipid peroxidation variables were(More)
Iron overload induces a rise in lipid peroxidation, but there are no data on the effects of iron administered in vivo on the production of free radicals by inflammatory cells. Further, there is lack of agreement about the benefits of deferoxamine (Dfx) in the treatment of anemia and oxidative stress during inflammation and chronic diseases. In this study,(More)
We have used the carrageenan-induced pouch-granuloma in rats to investigate how changes in low-molecular-mass iron chelate levels in the exudate, induced by iron loading (iron-dextran) or chelation (desferrioxamine) influence cellular and systemic inflammatory parameters. In the iron-treated group we observed a rapid decrease in the number of leukocytes and(More)
1. Red wine intake is associated with a low risk of cardiovascular disease. This effect has been partly attributed to the action of polyphenolic compounds, which decrease the oxidation of plasma low density lipoproteins. Moreover, nitric oxide ((*)NO) is a vasodilator and polyphenolic compounds induce endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in vitro. 2. Here(More)