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We have analyzed previous thin-section and freeze-fracture observations of the tight junction. We propose that the tight-junction strands represent intramembranous, cylindrical, inverted micelles. At the junctional site, the exoplasmic halves of the plasma membranes are fused into a continuous leaflet. Therefore, topologically and structurally the tight(More)
Interpretation of freeze-fracture and thin-section results shows that fusion of the peripheral vesicle with the plasmalemma of a Phytophthora palmivora zoospore occurs at several discrete sites and results in the formation and expansion of a particle-free bilayer membrane diaphragm and in the appearance of a polymorphic network of membrane-bounded tunnels,(More)
Coexpression of the human Met receptor and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts causes the cells to become tumorigenic in nude mice. The resultant tumors display lumen-like morphology, contain carcinoma-like focal areas with intercellular junctions resembling desmosomes, and coexpress epithelial (cytokeratin)(More)
To assess the density and distribution of native and recombinant GABAA receptors we used label-fracture and fracture-flip technologies combined with immunocytochemistry using monoclonal and polyclonal Abs directed against the extracellular domain of the GABAA receptor protein located in the freeze-fracture replicas. In cortical neurons there is a high(More)
We introduce here a technique, "label-fracture," that allows the observation of the distribution of a cytochemical label on a cell surface. Cell surfaces labeled with an electron-dense marker (colloidal gold) are freeze-fractured and the fracture faces are replicated by plantinum/carbon evaporation. The exoplasmic halves of the membrane, apparently(More)
Applications of the new fracture-labeling techniques for the observation of cytochemical labels on platinum-carbon replicas are described. Frozen cells, embedded in a cross-linked protein matrix, and frozen tissues are fractured with a scalpel under liquid nitrogen, thawed, labeled, dehydrated by the critical point drying method, and replicated. This method(More)
We report here rapid assembly of gap junctions in prostate epithelial cells in vitro. Assembly of gap junctions can be induced by incubation at 0 degrees C followed by incubation at 37 degrees C. Colchicine (10(-5) M, 10(-3) M) and cytochalasin B (25 micrograms/ml), 100 micrograms/ml) at room temperature or at 37 degrees C also induce assembly of gap(More)
The combined application of thin-section and critical-point-drying "fracture-label" is used to determine the pattern of distribution and partition of wheat-germ agglutinin and concanavalin A binding sites on the membrane faces of freeze-fractured exocrine and endocrine rat pancreatic cells. Whereas the exoplasmic face of plasma membrane is preferentially(More)