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A regional birth cohort of 5,356 infants was enrolled into a follow-up study in order to investigate the determinants of the development of infectious diseases in children. The infants were examined at three months, six months and twelve months of age by the physicians at the well-baby clinics. At these occasions the number of episodes of acute otitis media(More)
In a representative study of 5356 five-year-old children, 4405 (82.2%) could be traced for follow-up. Headache occurred in 861 (19.5%) of them; highly frequently in 0.2%, fairly frequently in 0.5%, less frequently in 4.3% and infrequently in 14.5%. Type of dwelling was the only predictor of housing standard, the risk of headache being about 1.5-fold in(More)
At the age of two years developmental outcome of 519 small-for-gestational age (SGA) children and 3375 control children was studied in southwestern Finland. A modification of the Denver Developmental Screening Test was used for follow-up. A significantly higher number of developmental abnormalities was found in SGA children than in the control children at(More)
A representative epidemiological study on the occurrence of migraine and other headaches in Finnish schoolchildren 14 years of age is presented. The investigation covered 3863 pupils, accounting for 94.2% of the total of 4101 mentally normal children, who went to school in two big Finnish cities. There were 1954 boys and 1909 girls in the study. They were(More)
Perinatal mortality (PNM) in the catchment area of the University Central Hospital of Turku (UCHT), Finland, was investigated during a 15-year period from 1968 to 1982. During the study period, 82,151 babies were born, there were 531 fetal deaths and 505 cases of early neonatal death. The PNM rate declined during the study period from 17.9 in 1968 to 7.0 in(More)
The associations between perinatal events and neonatal morbidity were examined in a regional population of 5 380 newborns weighing 500 g or more. Perinatal mortality was 6.9%, and neonatal mortality was 3.0%. The low birth weight (less than 2500 g) rate was 3.8%. The incidence of prematurity (gestational age less than 37 weeks) was 6.6%. Respiratory(More)
The somatic growth of a regional birth cohort of 351 preterm infants was followed during their first two years. The measurements of weight, height, head and thorax circumferences took place at the well-baby clinics run by public health nurses at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months of conceptional age. The growth of the preterm infants was compared with that of their(More)
Neonatal mortality (NNM) was investigated in the region of the University Central Hospital of Turku (UCHT), Finland, during a 15-year period from 1968 till 1982. During the study period 81 620 liveborn infants were born. The NNM rate declined from 13.5 in 1968 to 3.0 in 1982 during the study period. Significant declines occurred in NNM due to respiratory(More)
In a regional birth cohort of 5,356 live-born infants, during 12 consecutive months, 46 (0.9%) infants suffered from respiratory distress syndrome. Ten of them died before the age of 2 years. The cause of death was respiratory distress syndrome in two cases, intracerebral hemorrhage in four cases, asphyxia in one case, and congenital erythropoietic anemia(More)
Eighty-six CP patients aged 15 to 27 years and followed from six to 25 years by one of the authors were examined to look at the functional and working capacity and the employment situation of these patients. Their age was 15-16 years in 26 (30%) and 17-27 years in 60 (70%) of cases. There were 47 males and 39 females. Sixty-eight patients (79%) suffered(More)